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BRITISH AIRCRAFT WORLD WAR 1

This page is drawn up from various sources and collated. It may or may not be a complete list but is intended to show the variety of aircraft and airships in use during World War 1.
Aircraft Usage
Year
Introduced
Country
of Origin
Comment Service
AirCo DH.1 and DH.1A  
Britain Operational R.F.C.
AirCo DH.10 (Amiens) Twin-Engine Medium Biplane Bomber Aircraft
1918
Britain    
AirCo DH.2 Biplane Scout Aircraft
1915
Britain Operational R.F.C.
AirCo DH.3  
Britain Prototype R.F.C.
AirCo DH.4 Light Day Bomber Biplane Aircraft
1917
Britain Operational R.F.C.
AirCo DH.5 Scout / Light Bomber Biplane Aircraft
1917
Britain Operational R.F.C.
AirCo DH.6  
Britain Operational R.F.C.
AirCo DH.9 Light Bomber Biplane Aircraft
1917
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Alcock A.1 Scout (Sopwith Mouse) Single-Seat Biplane Fighter Prototype
1917
Britain    
Armstrong Whitworth F.K.10 Two-Seat Quadruplane Fighter Aircraft
1917
Britain Prototype R.F.C.
Armstrong Whitworth F.K.2  
Britain Prototype R.F.C.
Armstrong Whitworth F.K.3  
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Armstrong Whitworth F.K.8 Multirole Biplane Aircraft
1917
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Armstrong Whitworth F.K.9 Quadruplane Reconnaissance Fighter Prototype
1916
Britain    
ASL Valkyrie  
  Prototype R.F.C.
Austin A.F.T.3 (Osprey) Triplane Fighter Aircraft Prototype
1918
Britain    
Avro 504 Biplane Reconnaissance / Biplane Trainer Aircraft
1913
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Avro 508  
  Prototype R.F.C.
Avro 519  
  Prototype R.F.C.
Avro 521  
  Prototype R.F.C.
Avro 523 Pike Short-Range Biplane Bomber Aircraft
1916
Britain    
Avro 529 Long Range Heavy Biplane Bomber Aircraft
1917
Britain    
Avro 531 Spider Single-Seat Biplane Fighter Prototype
1918
Britain    
Avro Type E/Es/500  
  Operational R.F.C.
Baby  
  Airship R.F.C.
Beardmore WB III / SB 3 Carried-based Fighter
1917
Britain    
Beatty-Wright Biplanes  
  Prototype R.F.C.
Beta and Beta II  
  Airship R.F.C.
Blackburn R.T.1 Kangaroo Reconnaissance / Torpedo Bomber / Passenger Transport Aircraft
1918
Britain    
Blériot Parasol Monoplane  
France Operational R.F.C.
Blériot XI Trainer / Reconnaissance Monoplane Aircraft
1909
France Operational R.F.C.
Blériot XII  
France Operational R.F.C.
Blériot XXI  
France Operational R.F.C.
Boulton Paul P.3 Bobolink Prototype Biplane Fighter
1918
Britain    
Breguet Br.5 Bomber / Escort Fighter / Night-Fighter Biplane
1915
France    
Breguet Type III  
France Operational R.F.C.
Bristol Boxkite  
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Bristol F.2/F.2B Fighter Fighter / Armed Reconnaissance / Light Bomber Aircraft
1917
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Bristol G.B.75  
Britain Prototype R.F.C.
Bristol M.1 Single-Seat Monoplane Fighter Aircraft
1917
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Bristol Prier monoplane  
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Bristol Scout Biplane Fighter / Fast Reconnaissance Scout
1914
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Bristol T.B.8  
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Bristol T.T.A.  
Britain Prototype R.F.C.
Bristol-Coanda Monoplane  
Britain Operational R.F.C.
British Army Dirigible No 1  
Britain Airship R.F.C.
C.23 (Coastal Class) Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) Airship
1917
Britain    
Caproni Ca.1  
Italy Prototype R.F.C.
Caproni Ca.3 Heavy Biplane Bomber Aircraft
1917
Italy    
Caproni Ca.4 Triple-Engine Heavy Bomber Triplane Aircraft
1918
Italy    
Caudron G.3 Reconnaissance / Trainer Aircraft
1914
France Operational R.F.C.
Caudron G.4 Heavy Bomber Biplane Aircraft
1915
France Prototype R.F.C.
Caudron R.11  
France Prototype R.F.C.
Clement Bayard II Zeta  
  Airship R.F.C.
Cody V biplane  
  Operational R.F.C.
Curtiss C-1  
Canada Prototype R.F.C.
Curtiss H-16 Seaplane / Flying Boat
1917
U.S.A.    
Curtiss JN-3  
U.S.A. Operational R.F.C.
Curtiss JN-4 (Jenny) Biplane Trainer Aircraft
1915
U.S.A. Operational R.F.C.
Curtiss Wanamaker (Model T / Model 3) Four-Engine Triplane Flying Boat Aircraft
1916
U.S.A.    
Delta  
  Airship R.F.C.
Deperdussin TT  
  Operational R.F.C.
Dunne D.8  
  Prototype R.F.C.
Epsilon I and Epsilon II  
  Airship R.F.C.
Eta  
  Airship R.F.C.
Fairey Campania Carrierborne Reconnaissance and Patrol Aircraft
1917
Britain    
Fairey III Reconnaissance / Light Bomber Aircraft
1918
Britain    
Farman F.40  
France Operational R.F.C.
Farman HF.20  
France Operational R.F.C.
Farman III  
France Operational R.F.C.
Farman MF.11 Shorthorn Reconnaissance / Bomber Aircraft
1914
France Operational R.F.C.
Farman MF.7 Longhorn  
France Operational R.F.C.
Farman Type Militaire, 1910  
France Operational R.F.C.
FBA Type A  
  Operational R.F.C.
Felixstowe F.2 Flying Boat Aircraft
1917
Britain    
Felixstowe F.5 Reconnaissance Flying Boat
1918
Britain    
Flanders F.4  
  Operational R.F.C.
Gamma and Gamma II  
  Airship R.F.C.
Grahame-White Pusher Biplane  
  Prototype R.F.C.
Grahame-White School Biplane  
  Prototype R.F.C.
Grahame-White Type XV  
  Operational R.F.C.
Grahame-White VII  
  Prototype R.F.C.
Grahame-White VIII  
  Prototype R.F.C.
Handley Page H.P. O/400 Heavy Bomber Aircraft
1918
Britain    
Howard Wright biplane  
  Operational R.F.C.
Martin-Handasyde Monoplane  
  Operational R.F.C.
Martinsyde F.4 Buzzard Biplane Fighter Aircraft
1918
Britain    
Martinsyde G.100  
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Martinsyde G-series (Elephant) Biplane Light Bomber
1916
Britain    
Martinsyde S.1  
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Morane-Saulnier Type AC  
France Operational R.F.C.
Morane-Saulnier Type BB  
France Operational R.F.C.
Morane-Saulnier Type G  
France Operational R.F.C.
Morane-Saulnier Type H  
France Operational R.F.C.
Morane-Saulnier Type I  
France Operational R.F.C.
Morane-Saulnier Type L  
France Operational R.F.C.
Morane-Saulnier Type LA  
France Operational R.F.C.
Morane-Saulnier Type N Single-Seat, Single-Engine Monoplane Fighter Aircraft
1915
France Operational R.F.C.
Morane-Saulnier Type P  
France Operational R.F.C.
Morane-Saulnier Type V  
France Operational R.F.C.
N.S.7 (North Sea-class) Non-Rigid Airship
1917
Britain    
Nieuport 11 (Bebe) Fighting Scout Biplane Aircraft
1915
France    
Nieuport 12 Reconnaissance / Fighter / Trainer Aircraft
1915
France Operational R.F.C.
Nieuport 16 Biplane Fighter Aircraft
1916
France Operational R.F.C.
Nieuport 17 Fighting Biplane Scout Aircraft
1916
France Operational R.F.C.
Nieuport 20  
France Operational R.F.C.
Nieuport 21  
France Operational R.F.C.
Nieuport 23  
France Operational R.F.C.
Nieuport 24  
France Operational R.F.C.
Nieuport 27 Biplane Fighter Aircraft
1917
France Operational R.F.C.
Nieuport IV  
France Operational R.F.C.
Paulhan biplane  
  Prototype R.F.C.
Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2 Reconnaissance / Artillery Spotting / Trainer Biplane Aircraft
1912
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.3  
  Operational R.F.C.
Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.8  
  Operational R.F.C.
Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.9  
  Prototype R.F.C.
Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.12  
  Operational R.F.C.
Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.2 Reconnaissance / Fighter / Night Bomber Aircraft
1915
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.4  
  Prototype R.F.C.
Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.8 Biplane Fighter Aircraft
1916
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.9  
  Prototype R.F.C.
Royal Aircraft Factory N.E.1  
  Prototype R.F.C.
Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.1  
  Operational R.F.C.
Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.5  
  Operational R.F.C.
Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.7  
  Operational R.F.C.
Royal Aircraft Factory R.E.8 Reconnaissance Aircraft / Light Bomber
1916
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.2  
  Operational R.F.C.
Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.4a  
  Operational R.F.C.
Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5 Single-Seat, Single-Engine Biplane Fighter Aircraft
1917
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Sage Type 2  
  Prototype R.F.C.
Short Bomber  
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Short Tractor Biplane  
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Short Type 184 Reconnaissance / Torpedo Bomber Floatplane
1915
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter (One-and-One-Half Strutter) Fighter / Reconnaissance / Light Bomber
1916
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Sopwith 3-Seater  
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Sopwith 80 hp Biplane  
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Sopwith Baby Scout / Bomber Floatplane Aircraft
1915
Britain    
Sopwith Camel Single-Seat Biplane Fighter Aircraft
1917
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Sopwith Dolphin Biplane Fighter Aircraft
1917
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Sopwith Dragon Biplane Fighter
1918
Britain    
Sopwith Gunbus Two-Seat Pusher Biplane Fighter / Light Bomber Aircraft
1915
Britain    
Sopwith Hippo  
Britain Prototype R.F.C.
Sopwith Pup Biplane Fighter Aircraft
1916
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Sopwith Rhino Triplane Bomber Prototype Aircraft
1918
Britain    
Sopwith Snipe Single-Seat Biplane Fighter Aircraft
1918
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Sopwith Sparrow  
Britain Prototype R.F.C.
Sopwith Tabloid Racing Biplane-Seaplane / Military Scout / Light Bomber Aircraft
1914
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Sopwith Triplane Triplane Fighter / Trainer Aircraft
1916
Britain    
SPAD S.VII Single-Seat. Single-Engine Biplane Fighter Aircraft
1916
France Operational R.F.C.
SPAD S.XII Biplane Fighter Aircraft
1917
France Prototype R.F.C.
SPAD S.XIII Single-Seat, Single-Engine Biplane Fighter Aircraft
1917
France Operational R.F.C.
SSZ.65 SSZ-class Maritime Blimp Airship
1918
Britain    
Supermarine (Pemberton-Billing) P.B.31E Quadruplane Airship Interceptor Prototype Aircraft
1917
Britain    
Vickers Boxkite  
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Vickers E.F.B.7  
Britain Prototype R.F.C.
Vickers E.S.1  
Britain Prototype R.F.C.
Vickers F.B.12  
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Vickers F.B.14  
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Vickers FB 'Gun Carrier'  
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Vickers FB.19 Mk II  
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Vickers FB.5 (Gunbus) Scout Biplane Aircraft
1915
Britain Operational R.F.C.
Vickers Vampire  
Britain Prototype R.F.C.
Vickers Vimy Heavy Biplane Bomber Aircraft
1919
Britain    
Voisin III  
  Operational R.F.C.
Wight Converted Seaplane  
  Operational R.F.C.
Wright Biplanes  
  Prototype R.F.C.

Last updated: 11 June, 2018

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