CHESTERTON, ARBURY CHURCH WAR MEMORIAL
Chesterton Chapel/Arbury Church War Memorial
War 1 & 2 - Roll of Honour with detailed information
Compiled and copyright © 2000 Geoff Hopkins
Reproduced with permission from Arbury Church from a booklet
time ago Geoff Hopkins handed me a large brown envelope and said,
"Les, this is something for the Arbury News. It's the information
about the names on our church's war memorial plaque". As I read
through the contents I began to realise and appreciate the tremendous
amount of time and effort Geoff must have put in to glean all the
details. I understand Geoff began compiling details over a year
ago. I felt all Geoff's work would be better presented in a separate
only a microcosm of the losses sustained in the two World Wars,
the information given makes one pause and reflect on the waste and
futility of war. As Boys' Brigade Captain I have had the privilege
of reading the names from the plaque at Remembrance Day Services,
and they were to me only names; this document brings home that these
were men with families - real people, with real lives so sadly cut
short. As Geoff says, we should know something of the members of
our fellowship who gave their tomorrow for our today. "Lest we forget..."
Geoff, for all your hard work in compiling this information.
the Church minutes for the years 1911 - 1922 have been missing for
some years we have no idea of the thoughts of members for a suitable
memorial, or who made it, or at what cost.
eldest Mr. Hibbitt of the stonemasons in Victoria Road is sure that
his firm made the memorial and that the two names from the Second
World War were put on by them. Our Church minutes show a members'
meeting on 14th December 1949 discussing a memorial for the two
members who had died and a deacons' meeting on 14th February 1950
where it was decided to add the two names to the bottom of the existing
have a photo of a Chapel event held at Chesterton between the Wars.
This shows the south end of the Chapel having a raised stage with
the pulpit in the middle and the organ on the right-hand side. Between
the pulpit and the organ can be seen the memorial above head height.
moving to Arbury, the memorial was fixed above the panelling on
what we now call the stage in the main hall.
the new church was built the memorial was again taken down, and
after much discussion it was fixed in its present position.
are the names as they appear on the memorial with a little of their,
in many cases, short lives. I feel we should not only remember them,
but should also know something of the members of our fellowship
who gave their tomorrow for our today.
World War 1914-1918
was horn in 1897, the son of Alfred William and Sophia; they lived
for some time at Thriplow Heath. I can find nothing to connect the
family with the Chapel at Chesterton, or of Arthur's early life.
He enlisted at Cambridge into the Suffolk Regiment and as private
No. 3884 was a member of the 4th Battalion. On August the Battalion
was at Fricourt Wood on
the Somme battlefield. 25 August 1916 found them in trenches around
Bazentin-le-Grand, and on 29 August they were defending Orchard
and Wood Lane trenches. During the 30th the enemy made several bombing
attacks on these trenches, and it was during this day that Arthur
was killed, aged 19.
records exist if Arthur ever had a grave. If he did, it was later
lost or destroyed. His name is now on the Thiepval Memorial, face
2, panel 1c, together with 73,000 others with no known graves. 1108
were from the Suffolk Regiment During August 1916 the 4th Battalion
lost 3 officers and 61 other ranks, 99 were wounded and 44 were
reported missing. At least seven other Carter families were living
in Chesterton at that time.
(known as Chas) was born in 1896, the son of William Henry and Maria,
who at that time were living at 134 York Street. At the beginning
of the war Charles was working for Dales Brewery and later enlisted
at Cambridge into the Devonshire Regiment. As private No.9872 he
was a member of the 1st Battalion. From 19th July 1916 the Battalion
in reserve positions south west of Longueval, later moving into
support trenches in Delville Wood. After much heavy fighting the
Battalion was relieved on the 29th.
was killed in action on the 27th July aged 20. Again he has no known
grave; his name appears on the Thiepval Memorial, pier 1c, together
with the names of 498 other members of the Devonshire Regiment.
The total number of allies killed on the Somme front during July/August
1916 was 15,104. A report of Charles' death and his photo appear
in the Cambridge Independent Press of 20th October 1916 and also
reports in the Cambridge Chronicle of 16th August and the Cambridge
Daily News of 8th August 1916. See also Cambridge
Cambridge St Matthew's
was born in 1899, the younger brother of Charles and son of William
Henry and Maria. Since 1916 Mrs. Carter had moved from 134 York
Street to number 91, she was then on her own. After working for
the Cambridge Daily News, Thomas went to Bury and enlisted into
the 4th Battalion. Bedfordshire
Regiment as private No.41833. One week after arriving in France
the Battalion was in action, during the main advance the Battalion
was cut off; the Col. and many men were killed. Thomas was posted
as missing believed killed in action on the 27th March 1918, aged
19. As he has no known grave his name appears on the Arras Memorial,
France, bay 5.
report on Thomas' death appears in the Cambridge Daily news on Monday
6th May 1918 and in the Cambridge Independent Press on Friday 10th
May. The father William was in the Suffolk Regiment and had been
in France since January 1916, and the eldest son, Sapper A. Carter,
Royal Engineers, since 1914; both survived the war.
See also Cambridge Guildhall
Cambridge St Matthew's
was born in 1889, the son of George and Hannah of Old Chesterton.
By 1915 the father had died and George's foster father was Harry
Edward Hall of 12 Springfield Road. After leaving St. Luke's School,
George worked for some time with his foster father as a bootmaker,
then in 1907 he went to Bury to enlist into the East Lancs. Regiment
was the Regimental shoemaker, serving in India, Africa and Ireland.
As Cpl. No. 9544 George went to France with the 1st Battalion. In
July 1916 he was home having been wounded in the back and arm. In
August 1917 his half brother W. J. Hall wrote home that George had
been killed by a shell whilst leading a bombing party on 3 1st July
1917. Whether there was a grave, or indeed if George's body survived
the shell explosion, is not known. However, George is commemorated
now as one of the thousands under the heading "A Soldier of the
Great War, known to God". He has no known grave; his name is on
the Menin Gate Memorial, Ypres.
report and photo appear in the Cambridge Chronicle and Cambridge
Daily News on 22nd August 1917. After looking through some 60 volumes
of the War dead, I only noticed one other Eusden: he was E. Eusden,
6th Battalion. Cameron Highlanders, who died 28th July 1918, aged
19, of 92 Union Lane. See also Chesterton,
St Lukes and Cambridge
Private 326755, 4th Battalion, Suffolk Regiment]. Killed in action
24 October 1917. Aged 25. Enlisted Cambridge. Son of Mr. W. J. Gilbert,
of 62, Union Lane, Chesterton, Cambridge. Formerly 4443, Cambridgeshire
Regiment. No known grave. Commemorated on ARRAS MEMORIAL, Pas de
Calais, France. Bay 4.
was born on 28th September 1892, son of William John and Ada,
nee Allen, who married in 1890 and lived at that time in York
Street. They had two other children, George Allen in 1894 and
Alice May in 1897. Spaldings Directory lists the family as living
also at 29 Cam Road, later moving to River Lane and in 1908 at
62 Union Lane. For some years Arthur worked in the grocery dept.
at the Burleigh Street branch of the Co-op. On 26th May 1915 he
became engaged to Agnes Cutting. Then on 11th November 1915 he
enlisted with his brother into the Cambridgeshire Regiment, Arthur
as private no.4443. Arthur and George went to France in December
1916 and whilst there both were transferred to the 4th Battalion.
Suffolk Regiment, Arthur as private No.326755. From the 23rd to
26th October the Battalion was holding front line trenches in
the Passchendaele area. A letter from his C.O. and another from
his Company Lt. tells how Arthur was killed by a grenade whilst
repairing the trench, George was working nearby. This was on the
24th October; that same night he was buried behind the lines by
the Commanding Officer or the Battalion. Chaplain, George was
able to attend the short funeral.
the report says that Arthur was buried, as he now has no known grave,
his name is on the Arras Memorial, bay 4. A photo and report appears
in the Cambridge Daily News on 7th November 1917, Cambridge Independent
Press on 9th November and the Cambridge Chronicle on the 14th November
Gilbert was made a chapel member in 1914; he survived the war, returned
home and married his late brother's fiancée. They and their
three daughters lived in Arbury Road. The family were all loyal
members of Arbury; George was a life deacon for many years and died
in 1964. The youngest daughter, Ivy, was a Sunday School teacher
for many years; she was made a Church member in 1944. Tragically
she died young and is now commemorated by the clock in the present
church. (See also Chesterton)
was born in 1896 to Harry Edward and Emily, though another report
gives the date of birth as 1899. The Chesterton Directory lists
H. E. Hall as a bootmaker living at 8 Springfield Road, but in 1920
they had moved to 12 Springfield Road. He attended St. Luke's School
and was also a Sergeant in the 4th (St. Andrews) Company of the
Boys' Brigade. After first working for a Mr. Finch, plumber, of
Chesterton Road, William then worked for the Cambridge University
Press. He left the Boys Brigade
at 15 and joined the Cambridgeshire Territorial Regiment. The Regiment
was mobilised on August 4th 1914; William was with them as private
no. 1452. At some time during the war he served also with the Royal
Garrison Artillery, but it was as a Corporal No.325 186 in the 8th
Battalion, Suffolk Regiment that he was killed in action on 13th
August 1917, aged 21.
or where he met his death I have been unable to find out; he has
no known grave and is commemorated on the Menin Gate, panel 21.
The Cambridge Daily News has a report of his death on August 27th
1917 and the Cambridge Independent Press has a photo of him and
his half-brother Cpl. G. L. Eusden. There is also an interesting
letter from Sgt. Brooks, his platoon sergeant. The Cambridge Chronicle
has a report and photo on October 3rd 1917. (See also Cambridge
St Lukes and Cambridge
Harry was born
at Ditton in 1880 to Page and Elizabeth Hart. They moved around,
as Spaldings Directory has them living at Lanseer Lodge in 1913,
but addresses of 46 De Freville Avenue, 17 Union Lane and Fen Ditton
are listed in other sources. His early life is unknown; it is known
that he enlisted in Carlisle, but why there is again a mystery.
At some time during the war he was private No.27358 in the Northampton
Regiment, but it was as a private No.40253 in the 1st Battalion,
Royal Dublin Fusiliers that he was killed in action on 30th March
1918, aged 38. His grave is now in the Heath Cemetery, Harbonnieres,
plot 8, row F, grave 12. This is 11/2 miles south of Amiens on the
road to Vermand and St. Quentin. This cemetery was made after the
war from 22 smaller and scattered cemeteries. No indication is given
as to which of these held Harry's original grave, so we have no
idea in which area he died. Heath Cemetery holds I 835 graves, of
which 360 are unknown. Most fell between March and August 1918.
(See also Chesterton)
Private 42371, 2nd
Battalion, Suffolk Regiment [C O on memorial]. Killed in action
1 October 1918. Born Chesterton, enlisted Cambridge. Formerly TR/9/72484,
Training Reserve. Commemorated on VIS-EN-ARTOIS MEMORIAL, Pas de
Calais, France. Panel 4.
was born in Bury St. Edmunds on 20th October 1899 and he was baptised
at St. Andrews, Chesterton, on 28th October. His parents were
David and Cornelia Hall who, at some time, lived in Scotland Road.
His previous experience as a member of the Territorials, No. TR/9/72484,
would have helped when he enlisted as private No.42371 in the
1st Battalion Suffolk Regiment. The following is an extract from
the war diary of the 2nd Battalion Suffolk Regiment: "At 11am
on October 31st verbal orders were received that the Battalion
would attack and capture the village of Rumilly the following
day. Zero hour was set for 06.00 on November 1st. During the day
most objectives were obtained at a loss of 31 dead (including
Claude Howe), 94 wounded and 49 missing believed killed". Later
the Battalion received 5 replacements. Claude also has no known
grave; his name is on the Vis-en-Artois Memorial, France, panel
also Chesterton and Cambridge
in 1899, Sidney was the son of Charles and Emily, both members of
the Chesterton Chapel. They lived at 31 George Street, Chesterton.
After enlisting at Cambridge, Sidney was private No.41487 in the
6th Battalion Bedfordshire Regiment. The Regiment had been in France
and Flanders since the early part of the war, so Sidney would have
been sent to bring
the Battalion up to strength. We have no record of when he went
to France, although there is some thought that he gave a false age
on enlistment. At the end of 1917 the Bedfordshires were back in
the Ypres area and we can only assume that it was during this period
that Stanley was wounded. His wounds were treated at the main clearing
hospital and Corps. H.Q. at Bailleul which is on the French/Belgian
border. He died of wounds on 23rd January 1918, aged 19. Sidney's
grave is the Bailleul Communal Cemetery ext., plot 3, row E, grave
1. The cemetery contains 3411 Commonwealth, German and Chinese labour
report of Sidney's death as a result of wounds appears in the official
list of casualties in the Cambridge Daily News of Saturday 23rd
also Cambridge Guildhall
and Cambridge St Lukes
was born in Cambridge on 16th September 1897 and was later baptised
at St. Andew's, Chesterton. His parents were James William and Jeanette,
who live at 16 Union Lane and later at Fairview, 225 Milton Road.
He worked for the University Physiological Laboratory and also found
time to enlist at Bury into the Suffolk Yeomanry as trooper No.2421.
With either the 2nd or 6th Battalion Suffolk Regiment he went to
France in August 1916 as private No.43622. The battalion was soon
in the Passchendaele area, known for the terrible conditions due
to the mud. Here the shell holes filled with water, later merging
into impassable lakes over which the
general staff nevertheless expected heavily laden men to advance.
(More soldiers were drowned on land in the First World War than
Merchant Navy sailors were drowned at sea in the Second!) It was
during such an advance that Harold fell or took cover in a mud-filled
shell hole and was unable to get out. He was captured and made prisoner
on 13th November 1916. The prisoners and indeed the Germans were
very short of food and Harold sent letters home asking for food
to be sent to him. Of course his parents sent as much as possible,
but Harold never received it and died of starvation on 25th July
1917. His grave is in Germany at the Cologne Southern Cemetery,
plot 10, row B, grave 7.
report appears in the Cambridge Daily News on 6th September 1917;
a photo and report is in the Cambridge Chronicle on 12th September
and the Independent Press on 12th October 1917. (See also Cambridge
Holy Sepulchre, Chesterton and
49240, 7th Battalion, Bedfordshire Regiment. Killed in action 24
April 1918. Aged 19. Born Cambridge, enlisted Bury St Edmunds, resident
Chesterton. Son of John and Louisa Murrell, of 23, Scotland Rd.,
Chesterton, Cambridge. Buried in CRUCIFIX CORNER CEMETERY, VILLERS-BRETONNEUX,
Somme, France. Plot I. Row C. Grave 6.
was born in 1899, the eldest son of John and Louie, who lived
at 47 Water Street and later at 23 Scotland Road. The father,
John, first appears in the Chapel minutes of May 1885 as "creating
a disturbance in Chapel with George Sparrow". He must have improved
as he was made a member in October 1889! Frank worked for Jesus
College as a cook, then enlisted at Bury in 1917 as private No.49240
in the 7th Battalion Bedfordshire Regiment. He joined the Regiment
in France in March 1918, but on 24th April was first reported
missing, then confirmed killed in action on that date; he was
aged 19. Near the village of Villeres Bretonneux on the Somme
is a small cemetery of 656 graves called Crucifix Corner. Frank
is buried in plot 1, row C, grave 6. An extract from Sir Douglas
Haig's dispatch of 20th July 1918 reads "On 24th April the 4th
and 5th Australian Divisions and the 8th and 1 8th Divisions carried
out an enterprise of great daring and recaptured the village of
Villers". He did not say at what cost.
report of Frank's death appears in the Cambridge Daily News of
Saturday 12th October with a message of sympathy from the King
and Queen. There was also a report in the Cambridge Chronicle
of Wednesday 16th October 1918. (See also Chesterton
and Cambridge Guildhall)
325139, 1st Battalion, Cambridgeshire Regiment. Killed in action
6 September 1917. Aged 23.Born Chesterton, enlisted Cambridge. Son
of Albert Edward and Elizabeth Mutimer, of 68, Union Lane, Chesterton,
Cambridge. Formerly 1346, Cambridgeshire Regiment. Employed W Eaden
Lilley & Co Ltd. Buried in VOORMEZEELE ENCLOSURES No.1 and No.
2, Ieper, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium. Plot I. Row H. Grave 42.
was born in 1894, again to Albert and Elizabeth at Union Lane.
Like his brother he was in the Cambridgeshire Territorials as
private No.1346. During the war he enlisted at Cambridge into
the 1st Battalion Cambridgeshires as private No. 325139. An extract
from the history/record of the Cambridgeshires 1915-1919 says
"From August to September the Regiment was in the front line east
of hill 60; here they suffered many casualties. The Regiment received
fresh drafts from home and many patched-up old soldiers. They
then led the attack on 26th September 1917". Sidney was killed
inaction on 6th September 1917. He is buried in Voormezeele enclosure
Nos. 1 & 2, Belgium, plot 1 row H, grave 42. The cemetery
is two miles south of Ypres on the road between Messines and Kemmel.
It contains 586 graves.
the 1000 officers and men of the Cambridgeshire Regiment who left
Southampton for France in February 1915, only one officer and a
handful of men landed back on the same quay in May 1919.
also Chesterton and Cambridge
was born on 22nd November 1891 the eldest son of Albert Edward and
Elizabeth. He was baptised at St. Andrew's, Chesterton on 2nd January
1892. At that time the family lived at 68 Union Lane. After leaving
St. Luke's School he worked for Eaden Lilley's and joined the Cambridgeshire
Territorials as private no.968. At the start of the war he enlisted
at Cambridge into the Cambridgeshire Regiment No.325064, and he
was a Sergeant in the 1st Battalion, going to France on 25th June
1916. He was home on leave from 3rd to 16th January 1917 and again
of 11th April 1917 when he married Ruth Eveline. At this time his
father Albert was the County Bailiff and lived at 'Shirehall', Castle
Hill. Ruth joined them
there. The New Year of 1918 found the Cambridgeshires out of the
line and back on the Ypres salient, being housed in old canal dugouts
near St. Jean. They had only one spell in the front line near Poecappelle,
and on 21st January marched back to Houtekerque. Then they left
the salient for the last time after being on duty there since 1916.
On 16th January Walter was wounded and went to the hospital and
clearing station at Rouen. Walter and Ruth's only daughter was born
on 7th February 1918, and Walter died of his wounds on 12th April
1918. In his will he left £23.14.Sd. He is buried in St. Sever Cemetery
Ext., Rouen, France, block P, plot 7, row K, grave 12b. The cemetery
contains 3058 graves.
is listed on the W. Eaden Lilley and Co. "In Memoriam" in the Cambridge
Chronicle on 20th November 1918. (See also Chesterton,
Cambridge Holy Sepulchre
and Cambridge Guildhall)
24008, 7th Battalion, Norfolk Regiment. Died 28 April 1917. Aged
21. Born Sawston, Cambs. Son of Frederick and Mary Parsons, of Long
Reach, Old Chesterton, Cambs. Joined Great Eastern Railway June
1913, Porter, King's Lynn. Enlisted February 1916 in King's Lynn,
Norfolk. Buried in DURY CRUCIFIX CEMETERY, Pas de Calais, France.
Plot VI. Row B. Grave 34. See also Liverpool
Street Station, London, Chesterton,
Private, 1st/1st Battalion,
Hertfordshire Regiment. Killed in action 27 September 1917. Born
Newmarket, enlisted Cambridge, resident Old Chesterton. Formerly
39358, Northamptonshire Regiment. No known grave. Commemorated on
TYNE COT MEMORIAL, Zonnebeke, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium.
was born in Newmarket, but I have been unable to find out either
when, or who his parents were. At some time he and his wife, a
Mrs. P. Purvey, lived at 2 Pye Terrace, and he worked for Chivers
in the sawmills. He enlisted in June 1916 and as private No.39358
in the Northants Regiment went to France on 20th August 1917.
He also served in the Bedfordshire Regiment, and just before his
death was transferred into the 1st Battalion Hertfordshire Regiment.
On 28th September 1917 he was. Killed in action by a shell whilst
acting as a stretcher-bearer. As his body was never found or recovered
his name is now recorded on the Tyne Cot Memorial on the Ypres
salient. The Hertfordshire Regiment is on panels 141-3 with 342
names. I don't know which of the two has Joseph's name. The memorial
has on it 35,000 names with no known graves.
also Chesterton and Cambridge
Private 57272, 1st
Battalion, Royal Fusiliers. Killed in action 11 October 1918. Husband
of M. Rayner, of 16, Thrifts Walk, Cambridge. Born West Bergholt,
enlisted Bury St Edmunds, resident Cambridge. Formerly 22299, 3rd
Battalion, East Kent Regiment.
Buried in ST. AUBERT BRITISH CEMETERY, Nord, France. Plot IV. Row
C. Grave 22.
was born in West Bergholt and at some time lived at 16 Thrifts Walk.
Also he married a Mrs. M. Rayner and they had two children. After
enlisting at Bury in May 1917 as private No.22299 in the East Kent
Regiment, he was later transferred to the 1st Battalion Royal Fusiliers
as private No. 57272. In July 1917 he went to France and was home
again on leave in February 1918. The Cambridge Daily News of 5th
November 1918 and the Cambridge Chronicle both report "he was killed
by a sniper whilst pointing out some Germans on 8th October 1918".
His grave is in the St. Aubert British Cemetery, plot 4, row C,
grave 22. The Cemetery is between Valenciennes and Cambrai, and
it contains 434 graves.
and Cambridge Guildhall)
World War 1939-1945
have a minute reporting and regretting his death at the Church Meeting
held on 3rd October 1944. The Cambridge Daily News of Wednesday
11th February 1942 has a report and photo of the wedding, and on
Friday 29th September 1944 a report of his death. All the national
newspapers carried reports of the fighting on the Gothic Line at
was born on 4th October 1920; his mother died when he was young
and an uncle living in Victoria Road brought him up. After attending
St. Luke's School be was first a cook at Jesus College, and later
worked on the railway. During this period he joined the Cambridgeshire
Territorial Regiment in 1937. He won the Arbury Fete Knobbly Knees
Competition in 1938! In September 1939 he was called up into the
services as private No.5932888 Royal Army Catering Corps. On 16th
August 1940 he married at Arbury a fellow church member, Miss Sylvia
Greene, now known to us all as Mrs. Sylvia Calvert. The best man
was Robert Deaney and his future wife was one of the bridesmaids.
Four days after the wedding he returned to his Regiment. A very
short time later he was home on a week's embarkation leave, then
he sailed for the Far East in September 1940. After the surrender
of Singapore, Stan was a prisoner of war in Thailand and, apart
from three pre-printed cards, nothing more was heard from him. He
died in Thailand on 4th July 1943, aged 23. The Battalion Chaplain,
Rev. Noel Duckworth, was with him when he died. Stan's grave is
in the Kanchanaburi War Cemetery. The Cambridgeshire Regiment Roll
of Honour kept in Ely Cathedral and the Suffolk Regiment Museum
at Bury list Stan as a member of the Regiment who died in the Far
East on 29th December 1943. (See also Chesterton)
Last updated 7 July, 2014