College is a co-educational Public School in Epsom,
Surrey, England for pupils ages 13 to 18. Founded
in 1853 to provide support for poor members of the
medical profession such as pensioners and orphans
("Foundationers"), Epsom's long-standing
association with medicine was estimated in 1980 as
having helped almost a third of its 10,000 alumni
enter that profession. The college is a member of
the Headmasters' Conference and caters for both boarding
and day pupils.
school was founded in 1853 by Dr. John Propert as
The Royal Medical Benevolent College, the aims of
which were to provide accommodation pensioned medical
doctors or their widows in the first instance, and
to provide a "liberal education" to 100
sons of "duly qualified medical men" for
£25 each year.
establishment of the College was the culmination of
a campaign begun in 1844 by the Provincial Medical
and Surgical Association, the forerunner of the British
Medical Association. The scheme saw the medical profession
regard to charitable institutions for the aged and
infirm, the widow and the orphan, the worst provided
of all professions and callings"
took as its aim the alleviating of poverty and debt.
Discussions were chaired by Sir John Forbes, Physician
to Prince Albert and the Royal Household, and followed
similar plans establishing schools for the Clergy
and the Royal Navy in desiring to raise money to found
"schools for the sons of medical men", providing
an education which would otherwise be "beyond
the means of many parents".
1851, the Medical Benevolent Society had limited itself
to the foundation of a single Benevolent College,
and met in Treasurer John Propert's house in New Cavendish
Street, Marylebone. The new campaign's fund-raising
activities included dinners, which were attended by
numerous doctors and Members of Parliament, and concerts,
for example on 4 July 1855 one such event included
composer Hector Berlioz conducting the UK premier
of his symphonic suite Harold in Italy.
foundation stone was laid on the 6 July 1853, and
almost two years later on 25 June 1855 the College
was formally opened by Prince Albert and his son,
the future King Edward VII in front of an unexpectedly
large crowd of around 6,000. Queen Victoria consented
in March of that year to become patron, a relationship
which has continued with British monarchs ever since;
King Edward VII after the death of his mother, King
George V, King Edward VIII in 1936, King George VI
from 1937, and then the current Queen until the present.
long-standing association with medicine was estimated
in 1980 as having helped almost a third of its 10,000
alumni enter that profession.
2005 the school was one of fifty of the country's
leading private schools which were found guilty of
running an illegal price-fixing cartel, exposed by
The Times, which had allowed them to drive up fees
for thousands of parents. Each school was required
to pay a nominal penalty of £10,000 and all
agreed to make ex-gratia payments totalling three
million pounds into a trust designed to benefit pupils
who attended the schools during the period in respect
of which fee information was shared.
- Epsom College]