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WATFORD, CHRISTCHURCH STREET SHRINE WAR MEMORIAL

World War 1 - Detailed information
Compiled and copyright © Jill Waterson 2009

The details here have been research by Jill Waterson, a further page exists where the details of each man are being expanded, wherever possible; to see this detail follow the link.

FIRST WORLD WAR STREET SHRINE, CHRIST CHURCH, WATFORD

There are two First World War memorials at Christ Church, North Watford – one outside the Church and one inside. The one inside the Church consists of a glass-fronted oak frame containing two wooden plaques, on which are inscribed 190 names. It is explained that:

“In a nearby street this shrine was used during the Great War to keep in prayerful remembrance those away ‘on Active Service’…
The wooden cross above marked for many years the last resting place of an Unknown British Soldier…
The Cross and Shrine are here preserved that future generations may never forget the sacrifice of those who died – that they may live.”

Street shrines were common throughout the country during the First World War. The shrines were used not simply as a focal point for remembering the dead, but also to pray for the living who were away on active service. Many shrines contained a list of those on active service as well as of those who had died.1

The Church of England actively promoted street shrines during the war.2 They provided a means of expressing and mobilising collective emotions and values, and helped to recruit support for the Church as well as the war effort.3 The Vicar of Christ Church at this time was Frank George Hunt, and the Churchwardens were E Ashby and Ralph Alfred Thorpe. Ralph Thorpe was also a Councillor for Callow Land ward, and involved in many local activities, including chairing at least one Army recruitment meeting in Callow Land.4

On March 24th 1917, the Vicar of Christ Church led a dedication ceremony of 4 ‘War Shrines’. The West Herts and Watford Observer reported that:

“After a brief service in Christ Church at 3.30, a procession, headed by the Christ Church Scout Band and Troop…and the choirs of the two churches, preceded by the ‘National Mission’ banner, was formed, and marched to the shrines, which had been erected in Leavesden-road, and in front of St. George’s Church (facing Sandringham-road), the Vicarage (facing St Alban’s-road), and Christ Church (facing St Albans’s-road) respectively… the Vicar giving a short address after the unveiling and dedication of each shrine, and reminding those present that the shrines stood there as one of the results of the work of the National Mission in the parish, and that they were to be looked upon as a special call to prayer.”5

The Shrines were described as being made of oak, with a raised gilded cross, and of dormer pattern, designed by Mr G.W.Chilton. There were said to be 1,100 names, but that many more would be added “as the existing ‘Rolls’ represent the outcome of a house-to-house canvass of the parish, carried out under the auspices of the ‘National Mission’ Committee some time since.”6

The decision to place one of the shrines inside the Church was initiated on October 12th 1931, when the following resolution was passed:

“The Church Council of Christ Church Watford approve the proposal of the Vicar and Churchwardens (1) to place on the west end wall of the church, just inside the doorway, one of the old street shrines used during the war, containing a list of the fallen & to be used as a suitable place where flowers may be placed in their memory. (2) to place over the shrine a wooden cross from an unknown soldier’s grave.”7 [given by the Imperial War Graves Commission]

The Vicar and Churchwardens immediately applied for permission to the Bishop of St Albans to place the shrine and cross inside the Church, expressing the hope that this could be done in time for Armistice Day on 11th November.8 This was achieved.

The Vicar at this time was Edmund Dixon Parkin Kelsey, and the Churchwardens were James William Beach, of 44, Bruce Grove and Frederick Ford Pulman, of 137, Gammons Lane. Both James Beach (born c1869) and Frederick Pulman (born 1865) had lived in North Watford since at least 1901. In 1901, James Beach was already living in Bruce Grove, employed as a commercial clerk, and Frederick Pulman was a carpenter with 3 young sons, who would have reached service age by the time of the First World War.9 So they would both have been familiar with the street shrine during the war.

The two plaques inside the shrine which is now inside Christ Church contain 190 names of people from the whole parish. These names have clearly been rewritten in (almost) alphabetical order. It seems then that the original shrines contained the names of people from their locality and included those away on active service, whereas the shrine now inside Christ Church has incorporated names from the whole parish, but only the names of those who died.

The names as written on the plaques are listed below10, together with additional information where it has been possible to determine this with a reasonable degree of certainty.11 It is hoped that others may be able to add further information and correct any inaccuracies.

Copyright © Jill Waterson, 2009


1 King, A, Memorials of the Great War in Britain, 1998, p47-8
2 Ibid, p49
3
Ibid, p49-50
4
Watford Illustrated. No 7, Sat Sept 26th, 1914, p2
5
West Herts and Watford Observer, Sat March 31, 1917, p8
6
Ibid
7
Papers re Street Shrine, Christ Church, Watford. Hertfordshire Archives and Local Studies, Ref: DSA2/1/26/64
8 Ibid
9
1901 Census
10
In some cases names have been differently recorded in other places, eg the War Graves Commission records. This is indicated in square brackets in column 1 of the table.
11
The main source for additional information is the War Graves Commission records, but where necessary and possible this has been cross checked with other sources eg British Army WW1 Service Records eg for address.

Photographs Copyright © Rev Dick Lewis 2009

The details here have been research by Jill Waterson, a further page exists where the details of each man are being expanded, wherever possible; to see this detail follow the link.

NAME ON
PLAQUE

DATE OF
DEATH

ADDRESS
(usually of next of kin)


REGIMENT

CEMETERY/
MEMORIAL

ALLEN G

APPLETON HE

6/11/16

Shakespeare St

Kings Royal Rifle

Thiepval

ATKINS WR

10/9/16

Watford

Grenadier Guards

Thiepval

AUSTIN FAA

30/9/18

Leavesden Rd

Border Regiment.

Hooge Crater

BAKER WT

BAKER C

24/11/15

Watford

Royal Field Artill

Bois-Grenier

BASSIL JW

9/9/16

Parker Street

Royal West Kent

St Sever, Rouen

BARNES RA

11/4/17

Judge Street

Bedfordshire

Henin Crucifix

BATES AW

25/9/15

Leavesden Rd

Bedfordshire

Loos

BEASLEY H

7/8/16

Watford

Bedfordshire

Thiepval

BECK PV

7/5/17

Cromer Road

Royal Army Medical Corps

Chester Farm Cemetery

BLACKLEDGE WF

10/4/18

Market Street

Wiltshire

Strand Military Cemetery

BLEWITT A

17/5/15

Watford

Bedfordshire

Le Touret

BOLTON AG

4/8/17

Acme Road

Norfolk

Monchy British

BODSWORTH CF

BONE JT

31/7/17

Leavesden Rd

Lincolnshire

Ypres (Menin Gate)

BOULTWOOD F

30/5/18

Brighton Road

Royal Engineers

Longuenesse (St Omer) Souvenir

BOWLER R

3/5/17

Copeswood Rd

Middlesex

BRACE WC

30/3/18

Hatfield Road

Bedfordshire

Ramleh War Cem.

BRANDON A

BRANDON G

BRIGHTMAN H

20/3/16

Bushey

Bedfordshire

Watford Cemetery

BROWN G

BRULTY FC

BUDD RJ

BUDD SF

BULLING WH

9/9/16

Balmoral Rd

London (Royal Fusiliers)

Thiepval

BUTLER C

16/6/17

Parker Street

Bedfordshire

Wancourt British

BUTTON HJ

23/4/17

Yarmouth Rd

Border Regiment

Arras

BUTTON SG

23/4/17

Yarmouth Rd

Middlesex

Arras

CARPENTER AF

30/8/18

Brixton Road

Suffolk

Ecoust-St. Mein British Cemetery

CASSOP CH

CHAPLIN FJ

1/5/18

Jubilee Road

London Scottish

Jerusalem War Cemetery, Israel

CHAPMAN E

15/3/17

Regent Street

Bedfordshire

Achiet-Le-Grand

CLARKE JW

COOKE CJ [COOK]

23/8/18

Copsewood Rd

Essex

Foncquevillers Military Cem.

COOKE EW [COOK]

20/07/18

Jubilee Road

King’s Yorkshire Light Infantry

Chambrecy British Cem.

COSTER W

21/1/17

Regent Street

Hertfordshire

Ste. Marie, Le Havre

COX RS

11/4/17

Water Lane

Bedfordshire

St Martin Calvaire British

COX WW

28/12/18

Watford

Leicestershire

Hollybrook, Southampton

CROOK MC

CUMMINGS T

CUMMINGS P

DADSON JW

10/2/17

Watford

Essex

Cambrin Military

DARRIL J [DARVILL]

21/4/17

Regent Street

Royal Garrison Artillery

Beaurains Rd Cem.

DAVEY AT [AJ]

7/10/16

Cecil Street

Rifle Brigade

Thiepval

DAY G

DODWELL AH

11/9/15

St Albans Rd

Hertfordshire

Cambrin Military

DOGGETT GP

17/7/16

Judge Street

Hertfordshire

Gorre British & Indian Cemetery

DUNHAM SH

19/10/16

St Albans Rd

Hertfordshire

St Sever, Rouen

DURRANT J

23/4/17

Hatfield Road

Bedfordshire

Canadian Cem., No 2, Neuville-St., Vaast

DYER A

EARL A

EARL T

EBBING WG

EDENS R

7/7/18

Sandringham Rd

Central Ontario

Watford Cemetery

ELLIS B

17/2/17

Salisbury Rd

Royal Fusiliers

Thiepval

EDMONSTONE J

14/10/15

Bruce Grove

Mercantile Marine

Tower Hill

ELLINGHAM VE

2/10/17

Bradshaw Rd & Bruce Grove

Leicestershire

Tyne Cot

EVANS GW

23/3/18

Milton Street

Hertfordshire

Pozieres

FELLOWS WP

FOSTER EW

FOWLER HG

FRIPP W

GIBBS W

GINEDALE LEL [GINELACK LFL]

18/9/16

Watford

London

Abbeville Communal Cem.

GLENN AP

GOODING F

30/11/17

Watford

Rifle Brigade

Cambrai, Louverval

GOODYER A

22/6/17

Milton Street

Northamptonshire

Dickebusch New Military Cem.

GRAMLICH H

GREEN RW

12/4/18

Stanmore Road

Monmouthshire

Ploegsteert Mem.

GRAY J

13/11/17

Hatfield Road

Hertfordshire

Menin Road South Military Cem.

GREGO R

23/04/15

St Albans Rd

Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry

Ypres (Menin Gate)

GREEN FR

GRIFFITHS RJ [GRIFFIN]

29/9/18

Yarmouth Road & Aylesbury

Northamptonshire

Unicorn Cem., Vend’huille

GRIFFITHS ETO [EJD]

6/9/18

Salisbury Rd

Machine Gun Corps

Tehran Mem.

GROSSE EE

31/05/16

Harwoods Rd

Royal Navy

Portsmouth Naval

GROVER AP

HALL HA

25/7/16

Cecil Street

King’s Royal Rifle Corps

Mericourt-L’Abbe

HAMMOND AE

HAMMOND TW

15/9/16

Bradshaw Road

London

Thiepval

HARE T

8/8/17

Ridge Street

Bedfordshire

Voormezeele

HARDWICK M

HARDWICK R [HARDWICKE]

26/4/18

Victoria Road & Sandringham Rd

Essex

Pozieres

HARRIS CW

27/9/17

Regent Street

Suffolk

Tyne Cot

HAYLOCK SG

1/2/17

Shakespeare St & Abbots Langl

Royal Engineers

Guards’ Cem., LesBoeufs

HEARNDON J [HEARNDEN]

15/1/15

Ballad’s Buildings

Bedfordshire

Ypres (Menin Gate)

HEATH C

16/8/16

Watford

Royal Fusiliers

Thiepval

HEMMING S

19/4/17

St Albans Rd

Bedfordshire

Loos

HERBERT EW

26/3/17

Victoria Road

Queen’s (Royal West Surrey)

Jerusalem Mem.

HEWITT AE

HILL SG

25/9/15

Watford

Bedfordshire

Loos

HISCOCK TG

23/4/17

Ashby Road

Norfolk

Arras

HOARE FH

21/3/18

Watford

Royal Engineers

Arras

HODGKIN RW

HOLMES G

6/11/18

Shakespeare St

Royal Engineers

Kezelberg Military

HORN JB

11/11/18

Railway Cottages

Bedfordshire

Watford Cemetery

HOWARD W

HULTEY J

HULTEY R

JUDGE FD

1/2/15

Parker Street

Coldstream Guards

Cuinchy Communal Cem.

KEEN G

4/5/16

Watford

Bedfordshire

St Amand British

KEMSLEY NGM

7/5/18

Watford

Royal Field Artillery

Chocques Military Cem.

KNIGHTS RF

7/10/15

Bruce Grove

Rifle Brigade

Ypres (Menin Gate)

KNIGHT F

15/7/16

Brightwell Rd

Bedfordshire

Thiepval

KING H

LANGSTON W

16/5/17

Regent Street

London (Royal Fusiliers)

Arras

LEACH EG

6/10/17

Leavesden Rd

Lincolnshire

Outtersteene Communal Cem., Bailleul

LEDDER EC [LEADER]

9/8/18

Milton Street

London, City of London Rifles

Villers-Bretonneux Military Cem

LEA JGE

LING SA

14/1/17

Railway Cottages

Royal Fusiliers

Loos

LINSELL MW

2/9/16

Sandringham Rd

Middlesex

Delville Wood Cem., Longueval

LLOYD TP

17/7/16

Acme Road

Bedfordshire

Abbeville Communal Cem.

LODGE HFW

10/11/18

Shaftesbury Rd

Essex

Kantara

McKENZIE EE

MASON HT

MACMILLAN G

MEAD AW

10/7/15

Bedford Street

Bedfordshire

Ypres (Menin Gate)

MILES W

7/11/15

Watford

Hertfordshire

Bethune Town

MILLER F

2/5/15

Victoria Road

Bedfordshire

Bailleul Communal Cem., (Nord)

MORGAN H

11/12/17

Watford

Norfolk

Ramleh War Cem.

NEEDLE F

17/3/17

Oxon & Leavesden Road

Royal Navy

Portsmouth Naval

NORMAN H

NORRIS H

27/3/18

Lowestoft Rd

Bedfordshire

Arras

PALMER TE

PARKER ET [EJ]

26/12/17

Watford & Kent

Bedfordshire

Watford Cemetery

PARKER HJ

PARRY F

PEARCE EJ

19/2/17

Copsewood Rd

Bedfordshire

Watford Cemetery

PERKINS C

PERKINS H

PICTON AE

12/4/17

Brixton Road

Northamptonshire

Arras

PITCHESS EJ

POINTER RT

26/7/16

Leavesden Rd

Bedfordshire

Thiepval

PRATT WS

7/8/18

Copsewood Rd

Royal Fusiliers

Beacon Cem., Sailly-Laurette

PRITCET R

RAE JE

15/1/18

Fuller Gardens

Royal Field Artillery

Baghdad (North Gate)

RANDALL WH

[RANDLE]

13/2/19

Milton Street

Royal Army Medical Corps

Watford Cemetery

READHEAD W

[REDHEAD]

29/8/15

Stanmore Road

Dorsetshire

Voormezeele

RICHARDSON E [FT]

12/5/15

Ridge Street

Bedfordshire

Wimereux Communal

RICHARDSON A

20/12/15

Bedford & Watford

Bedfordshire

Ypres

RIDDEFORD J

RODNEY P [R]

6/11/15

Judge Street

Bedfordshire

Guards, Cuinchy

RAWLINS C

RUSSELL C

13/7/16

Watford

Oxford & Bucks

Arras

SALMON AN

SALT G

14/11/15

Sandringham Rd

Manchester

Lancashire Landing Cem.

SAYELL J

SAUNDERS A

SAUNDERS H

SCOTT WT [WJ]

20/11/17

Brighton Road

Bedfordshire

Ribecourt British C

SENNOR H

[SENIOR]

12/5/18

Stanmore Road

Bedfordshire

Merville Communal Cem.

SHORTLAND J

6/7/17

Salisbury Rd & Leavesden

Army Cyclist Corps

Oak Dump Cemetery

SHRIMPTON J

SHULTY S

SILLS TW

28/7/16

Regent Street

Bedfordshire

Thiepval

SMITH WF

SMITH W

SMITH R

28/6/17

Watford

Royal West Kent

Railway Dugouts Burial Ground

SMITH AW

21/3/17

Watford

Royal Garrison Artillery

Ecoivres Military, Mont-St. Eloi

SPENCE ET [EJ]

21/3/18

Gammons Lane

Royal West Kent

Pozieres

STAPLETON WH

22/4/18

St Albans Rd

Machine Gun Corps

Lillers Communal Cem.

STONE L

1/7/16

Watford

Bedfordshire

Thiepval

STEVENS FE

TANELEY J

TAYLOR A

25/9/15

Parker Street

Bedfordshire

Loos

THOMPSON F

THOMPSON W

THWAITES CH

8/10/18

Ridge Street

Royal Field Artillery

Five Points Cem., Lechelle

WARE RG

22/7/17

Parker Street

East Surrey

Dickebusch

WALTER A

21/3/18

Watford & York

East Yorkshire

Pozieres Memorial

WARREN FF

15/9/16

Garfield Street

London (Civil Service Rifles)

Flatiron Copse Cem., Mametz

WEAVER R

WEAVER WT

WEBB BE

4/1/18

Cromer Road

Royal West Surrey

Wimereux Communal Cem.

WEBB G

WEBBER E

WELCH HJ [HR]

2/7/18

Copsewood Rd

Royal West Kent

Mere

WESTON JCG

28/4/17

Sandringham Rd

Essex

Arras

WHITING J

WHITTINGHAM H

21/9/17

Copsewood Rd

London (Royal Fusiliers)

Ypres

WHITE HT

WILMORE E

WINTERS H

WINTERBOURNE J

3/5/17

Judge Street

Bedfordshire

Arras

WOOSTER G

27/3/18

Sandringham Rd & Edmonton

King’s Royal Rifle Corps

St Hilaire Cem., Frevent

WORTHY FT

9/5/15

Watford

Rifle Brigade

Ploegsteert

WRIGHT SW

YATES FG

5/8/15

Watford

Royal Horse Artillery

Alexandria (Chatby) Cem.

YOUNG L

Last updated: 19 November, 2016

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