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ROYAL COLONIAL INSTITUTE SOUTH AFRICAN WAR (BOER WAR)

Detailed information - Boer War
Compiled and Copyright © Martin Edwards 2010

Many years ago a brass plaque was erected in the Royal Colonial Institute in Northumberland Avenue, St James, Greater London WC2N 5BJ. This has not been seen since the 1980's and its whereabouts are unknown. It is referred to in the Proceedings of the Royal Colonial Institute, v.34, 1902-1903, on pages 192-193. This detail has been extracted here.

SOUTH AFRICAN WAR MEMORIAL.

A MEMORIAL TABLET of "Latten Metal," on which is engraved the motto and badge of the Royal Colonial Institute, and, within a laurel border, the names of sixteen Follows who lost their lives during the South African campaign of 1899-1902, has been placed in the entrance hall of the Institute building in Northumberland -Avenue, and was unveiled by Field-Marshal Sir Henry W. Norman, G.C.B., C.I.E., a Vice-President, on February 17, 1908. The work was carried out by Messrs. Jones and Willis, of 48 Great Russell Street, under the direction of the Council, and the inscription on the tablet, which measures about thirty by twenty-four inches, reads as follows:

ROYAL COLONIAL INSTITUTE.
TO THE HONOURED MEMORY OF FELLOWS OF THE INSTITUTE WHO
LAID DOWN THEIR LIVES DURING THE SOUTH AFRICAN CAMPAIGN,
1899-1902, IN THE CAUSE OF A "UNITED EMPIRE."

Captain The Earl of AVA, Staff.
Major T. R. DODD, Railway Pioneer Corps.
G. J. HUGMAN EADY, Loch's Horse.
Capt. W. C. C. ERSKINE, Field Intelligence Department.
Capt. J. C. KNAPP, Imperial Light Horse, Natal.
Lieut.-Col. D. TYRIE LAING, Commander-in-Chief's Body Guard.
W. H. LONGDEN, Imperial Light Horse, Natal.
Lieut. H. L. MOURILYAN, Royal Warwickshire Regt.
Lieut. J. E. REES, Western Light Horse, Rhodesia.
Major M. W. ROBERTSON, C.M.G., Cape Mounted Rifles.
Lieut. A. A. STANTON, Commander-in-Chief's Body Guard.
Major C. E. TAUNTON, Natal Carbineers.
A. H. THOMAS, Ceylon Mounted Infantry.
Surgeon-Capt. J. T. TOLL, First South Australian Contingent.
Surgeon-Capt. F. WELLFORD (Straits Settlements), Imperial Yeomanry.
Capt. F. S. WHITAKER, Roberts's Horse.

Field-Marshal Sir HENRY NORMAN, G.C.B.,G.C.M.B., C.I.E., said: In the Annual Report of this Institute you are told that the Council had arranged to place a tablet in the Hall of the Institute to the memory of sixteen Fellows who had laid down their lives during the South African war in the cause of a "United Empire," a cause which the Royal Colonial Institute has always had much at heart. Various suggestions have come before us during the last three years for a national memorial to those who foil in the war, but no such general proposal has taken any tangible shape. Many local, memorials have, however, been projected and completed in different parts of the Empire. It seemed proper therefore to us that some sort of memorial of those Fellows who died during the war, or in immediate consequence of the war, should be put up by the Colonial Institute, and the tablet which I shall presently unveil is the result. We revere the memory of these colleagues,—gentlemen, who, as. you will see, came from various parts of the King's dominions, all of them devoted and loyal subjects, willing to Serve, and, if need be, to die, in the cause of the Empire. It is of interest to note that a corps to which one of these gentlemen belonged—namely, Loch's Horse—was raised practically in this Institute, and was named after one of our respected colleagues, Lord Loch, now dead. Of the gentlemen whose names are recorded on the tablet, eight were killed in action, two died of wounds, one died from an accident, and five from enteric fever. All honour to their memory, which will ever be cherished by the Fellows of the Royal Colonial Institute and their loyal fellow -countrymen.

Sir HENRY NORMAN then unveiled the tablet, and read the inscription. He added: The space in which the tablet is enclosed is rather limited, but I desire to assure not only the relations and, friends of those whose memory we thus honour, but also the public generally, that on presentation of their cards we shall be very pleased to give them access to this memorial, which we have reverently placed in this hall,

AVA Archibald James Leofric, Earl of Ava

Captain, Staff - Journalist, ex-17th Lancers. Wounded at Wagon Hill, Ladysmith 6th January 1900, died of wounds 11th January 1900 at Ladysmith. Aged 36. Son and heir of the Marquis of Dufferin and Ava. Born 28th July 1863. In 1899 he went to South Africa as a War Correspondent. He was killed while carrying a message. He was a Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute.

Extract from The Last Post - Roll of Officers who fell in South Africa 1899-1902 by Mildred G Dooner, published by Naval and Military Press

Ava.—Archibald James Leofric Temple Blackwood, Earl of Ava, was wounded in the attack on Wagon Hill, Ladysmith, on Jan. 6th, 1900, and died on the 11th. He was the eldest son and heir of the Marquis and Marchioness of Dufferin and Ava, was born July 28th, 1863, and educated at Eton (Mr. Marindin's). He joined the 17th Lancers, in which as Lord Clandeboye, he served for some years in India as a lieut. during the Marquis of Dufferin's term of office as Viceroy. Later on Lord Ava retired from the army. When the war broke out he went to South Africa as a War Correspondent and proceeded to Ladysmith. Being a keen sportsman and a first rate horseman, adventure of all kinds attracted him. He had served previously in South Africa under Lieut.-Gen. Lord Methuen, and had also prospected in the North-West of Canada. At Wagon Hill he was wounded, shot in the temple while taking a message from Sir Ian Hamilton. He is buried in the cemetery, close to Cemetery Hill. He was a Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute, and his name is inscribed on a Memorial Tablet in the hall of the building in Northumberland Avenue, S.W.

DODD Thomas R

Major, 2nd Battalion, Railway Pioneer Regiment. Died of dysentery 4th February 1901 at Elandsfontein.

Extract from The Last Post - Roll of Officers who fell in South Africa 1899-1902 by Mildred G Dooner, published by Naval and Military Press

Dodd. - Major Thomas R. Dodd, 2nd Railway Pioneer Regt., died of dysentery at Germiston Feb. 4th, 1901. He was secretary of the Transvaal branch of the South African League, and one of the principle leaders of the second reform movement in Johannesburg. Together with Mr. Clem Webb he was arrested by the Transvaal authorities for presenting a petition to the British Vice-Consul after the murder of Edgar. During the subsequent period before the outbreak of the war he played a prominent part in organising and keeping united the Uitlander community. Major Dodd was a Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute, and his name is inscribed on a memorial tablet in the hall of the building in Northumberland Avenue, W.C.

HUGMAN EADY G J
Trooper 2, Loch's Horse. Taken prisoner at Johannesburg 22nd May 1900, released, died of disease 10th November 1900 at Kroonstad.
ERSKINE W C C

Captain, Field Intelligence Department, Bethunes Mounted Infantry. Killed in action near Fouriesberg 7th October 901. Attached to 16th Brigade Staff. He was a Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute.

Extract from The Last Post - Roll of Officers who fell in South Africa 1899-1902 by Mildred G Dooner, published by Naval and Military Press:

Erskine. - Capt. W. C. C. Erskine, Field Intelligence Department (attached to 16th Brigade Staff, late Bethune's M.I.), was killed in action near Fouriesberg Oct. 7th, 1901. He was a Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute, and his name is inscribed on a memorial tablet in the Hall of the building in Northumberland Avenue, W.C.

KNAPP J C

Captain, Imperial Light Horse, Natal. Killed in action during a reconnaissance patrol from Ladysmith at Mounted Infantry Hill 3rd November 1899. Aged 43.

Extract from The Last Post - Roll of Officers who fell in South Africa 1899-1902 by Mildred G Dooner, published by Naval and Military Press:

Knapp.—Capt. J. C. Knapp, Imperial Light Horse, killed in action in a reconnaissance from Ladysmith, Nov. 3rd, 1899. He was 43 years of age, and was a managing director of Rhodesia, Limited. He had been present at the battles of Elandslaagte and Lombards Kop, and was an old hand in South African warfare. In 1877-78, Capt. Knapp served with the Cape Mounted Rifles, and afterwards held a commission in the Cape Regular Infantry. As pioneer of Buluwayo, he helped to organise the Rhodesian Horse, and was in the Matabele Campaign, commanding Gifford's Horse, when Col. the Hon. Maurice Gifford was wounded. At the outbreak of the South African War, Capt. Knapp, having volunteered for service, was given command of E squadron of Imperial Light Horse, at the head of which he met his death. It is stated that he was the idol of his squadron. He was mentioned in despatches by Lieut.-Gen. Sir G. White, Dec. 2nd, 1899, L.G., Feb. 8th, 1901. Capt. Knapp was a fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute, his name is inscribed on a memorial tablet in the hall of the building in Northumberland Avenue, S.W. (See Major Taunton.)

TYRIE LAING D

Major (local Lieutenant Colonel), Commander-in-Chief's Body Guard. Killed in action at Kromspruit near Reitz 3rd January 1901.

Extract from The Last Post - Roll of Officers who fell in South Africa 1899-1902 by Mildred G Dooner, published by Naval and Military Press:

Laing. - Major (local Lieut.-Col.) D. Tyrie Laing, Commander-in-Chief's Bodyguard, was killed in action Jan. 3rd, 1901. He was in command of a force sent to reconnoitre from Lindley to Reitz. They were suddenly attacked, and Lieut.-Col. Laing fell, shot through the heart. He was mentioned by F.-M. Earl Roberts in despatches, L.G., April 16th, 1901, who stated that he deeply deplored his death, and that he had shown himself "an officer of great merit, and I am much indebted to him." Lieut.-Col. Laing was a Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute, and his name is inscribed upon a memorial tablet in the hall of the building in Northumberland Avenue, S.W.

LONGDEN W H
Trooper 106, Imperial Light Horse, Natal. Killed 15 December 1899 at Colenso, Hlangwane.
MOURILYAN Hubert Lionel

Lieutenant, 1st Battalion, Royal Warwickshire Regiment. Killed in action 27th February 1900 at Pieter's Hill. Aged 24. Born November 1875. Served Ashanti 1895 (Star) and Sierra Leone 1898. A Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute.

Extract from The Last Post - Roll of Officers who fell in South Africa 1899-1902 by Mildred G Dooner, published by Naval and Military Press:

Mourilyan.—Lieut. Hubert Lionel Mourilyan, 1st Batt. Royal Warwickshire Regt., was killed in action at Pieter's Hill, Feb. 27th, 1900. He was born Nov., 1875, entered the West Yorkshire Regt. March, 1895, and was transferred to the Royal Warwickshire Regt., Aug., 1898, having previously accepted employment with the West African Regt., with which he served up to the end of 1899. Lieut. Mourilyan was in the Ashantee Expedi¬tion of 1895-96, and was awarded the star. He also served in the operations in Sierra Leone, 1898-99, in the Karene Expedition, and also in the Protectorate Expedition as orderly officer. He was a fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute, and his name is inscribed on a memorial tablet in the hall of that building in Northumberland Avenue, S.W. Lieut. Mourilyan was mentioned in despatches, L.G., Feb. 8th, 1901.

REES James Edward

Lieutenant, Western Light Horse (Rhodesia). Died of injuries sustained in a fall from his horse, which occurred 2nd June 1902, 3rd June 1902 at Salsibury.

Extract from The Last Post - Roll of Officers who fell in South Africa 1899-1902 by Mildred G Dooner, published by Naval and Military Press:

Rees. - Lieut. James Edward Rees, Western Light Horse (Rhodesia), was injured through a fall from his horse while on service with his regiment at Salisbury, June 2nd, 1902, and died on the 3rd, three days after Peace bad been proclaimed. He was a fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute, and his name is inscribed on a memorial tablet in the ball of the building in Northumberland Avenue, S.W.

ROBERTSON, C.M.G. M W

Major, Cape Mounted Rifles and Border Horse. Wounded severeley at DoornHoek andinvalided home eventually dying of enteric in England.

Extract from The Last Post - Roll of Officers who fell in South Africa 1899-1902 by Mildred G Dooner, published by Naval and Military Press:

Robertson. — Major M. W. Robertson, Cape Mounted Rifles, served during the war, but was invalided home and died of enteric in England. He was a Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute, and his name is inscribed on a memorial tablet in the hall of the building in Northumberland Avenue, S.W.

STANTON A A

Lieutenant, Commander-in-Chief's Body Guard. Died of peritonitis 9th March 1901 at Utrecht.

Extract from The Last Post - Roll of Officers who fell in South Africa 1899-1902 by Mildred G Dooner, published by Naval and Military Press:

Stanton. - Lieut. A. A. Stanton, Commander-in-Chief's Bodyguard, died of peritonitis, at Utrecht, on March 9th, 1901. He was a fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute, and his name is inscribed on a memorial tablet placed in the hail of the building in Northumberland Avenue, S.W.

TAUNTON Charles Edmund

Major, Natal Carbineers. Killed in action on Mounted Infantry Hill, Ladysmith 3rd November 1899.

Extract from The Last Post - Roll of Officers who fell in South Africa 1899-1902 by Mildred G Dooner, published by Naval and Military Press:

Taunton.—Major Charles Edmund Taunton, Natal Carabiniers, was killed in action on Nov. 3rd, 1899, in a reconnaissance from Ladysmith along the Colenso road. The enemy was in considerable force and the officer in command, finding their numbers increasing, determined on withdrawing. Concerning this reconnaissance, Sir A. Conan Doyle writes, “the death of Major Taunton, Capt. Knapp, and young Brabant, the son of the general who did such good service at a later stage of the war, was a heavy price to pay for the knowledge that the Boers were in considerable strength to the south. Major Taunton, who was the only son of Mrs. Taunton, was a keen man of business, well known in South African finance, and a director of many of the older gold mining companies. He was a Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute, and his name is inscribed on a memorial tablet in the hall of the building in Northumberland Avenue, S.W.

THOMAS Arthur H

Lieutenant, Ceylon Mounted Infantry. Died of enteric 6th October 1900 at Bultfontein. According to some reports Lieutenant Thomas was killed shot through the heart while serving as Assistant Commissioner, Bultfontein. Memorial in The Military Headquarters, Kandy. Memorial was designed by Mrs. Thomas, wife of Edward Hector Le Marchant Thomas, a brother of Lieutenant Thomas. A Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute.

Extract from The Last Post - Roll of Officers who fell in South Africa 1899-1902 by Mildred G Dooner, published by Naval and Military Press:

Thomas.—Lieut. A. H. Thomas, Ceylon M.I., died of enteric, at Bultfontein, on Oct. 6th, 1900. He was educated at Harrow, and did good service in the war, for which he was mentioned in despatches, L.G., April 16th, 1901. He was a Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute, and his name is inscribed on a memorial tablet in the hall of the building in Northumberland Avenue, S.W.

TOLL J T

Surgeon-Captain, 1st Battalion, South Australia Mounted Rifles Contingent. Died of enteric at sea, on board SS Australasia. A Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute.

Extract from The Last Post - Roll of Officers who fell in South Africa 1899-1902 by Mildred G Dooner, published by Naval and Military Press:

Toll.—Surgeon-Capt. J. T. Toll, 1st South Australian Contingent, died of enteric at sea. He had served during the South African War but had been invalided. He was a fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute, and his name is inscribed on a memorial tablet in the hall of the building in Northumberland Avenue, S.W.

WELLFORD Francis

Surgeon-Captain, (Straits Settlements), 26th Company, 7th Battalion, Imperial Yeomanry. Wounded and died two days later. Died of wounds after the battle of Vlakfontein 1st June 1901. Aged 38. Born April 1863 at Clevedon. Memorial at St. Mary's Cathedral, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia and also commemorated on the Guy's Hospital, London bridge Memorial. Doctor at Guy's Hospital 1887-92. Son of Rev. John Francis Wellford, of Oakland, Sidmouth. Went to New South Wales and practised in Sydney. He was medical officer at Winton District Hospital, Queensland 1893-95. From 1895-99 he was in the Straits Settlements. Joined the I.Y. in 1900. He was a fellow of the Royal Colonial Institue.

Extract from The Last Post - Roll of Officers who fell in South Africa 1899-1902 by Mildred G Dooner, published by Naval and Military Press:

Wellford.—Capt. Francis WeIlford, M.B., 7th Batt. I.Y., died June 1st, 1901, of wounds received in action at Vlakfontein two days previously. He was the son of the Rev. John Francis Wellford, of Oakland, Sidmouth, and was born at Clevedon in April, 1863. He was educated privately and at Trinity College, Cambridge. From Jan., 1887, to Nov., 1892, he was at Guy's Hospital. He then went to New South Wales, and practised at Sydney, and was medical officer of the Winton District Hospital, Queensland, from 1893 to 1895. From the latter date to 1899 he was in the Straits Settlements, but in Dec., 1899, he volunteered for active service, and in Feb., 1900, joined the I.Y. as a medical officer with the rank of Capt. He was mentioned by F.-M. Earl Roberts in his despatch of Sept. 4th, 1901, L.G., Sept. 10th, 1901. Capt. Wellford was a fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute, and his name is inscribed on a memorial tablet in the hall of thebuilding in Northumberland Avenue, S.W.

WHITAKER Frederick Shewell

Captain, Roberts's Horse. Died of wounds received the previous day (23rd) 24th June 1900 at Heidelberg.

Extract from The Last Post - Roll of Officers who fell in South Africa 1899-1902 by Mildred G Dooner, published by Naval and Military Press:

Whitaker. - Capt. Frederick Shewell Whitaker, Roberts' Horse, died June 24th, 1900, at Heidelberg, of wounds received in action the previous day. He had seen much service in South Africa previous to 1899, having been through the Galeka and Gaika Wars, the Bechuanaland Expedition, and the Matabele Campaign. He offered his services at the outbreak of the war, and was first given command of a squadron in the South African Light Horse, and afterwards in Roberts' Horse. Capt. Whitaker was a Fellow of the Royal Colonial Institute, and his name is inscribed on a memorial tablet in the hail of the building in Northumberland Avenue, S.W.

Last updated 20 October, 2010

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