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TOWER HILL MEMORIAL

Compiled and Copyright © Martin Edwards 2003

The Tower Hill Memorial commemorates men and women of the Merchant Navy and Fishing Fleets who died in both World Wars and who have no known grave. It stands on the south side of the garden of Trinity Square, London, close to The Tower of London.

In the First World War, the civilian navy's duty was to be the supply service of the Royal Navy, to transport troops and supplies to the armies, to transport raw materials to overseas munitions factories and munitions from those factories, to maintain, on a reduced scale, the ordinary import and export trade, to supply food to the home country and - in spite of greatly enlarged risks and responsibilities - to provide both personnel and ships to supplement the existing resources of the Royal Navy. Losses of vessels were high from the outset, but had peaked in 1917 when in January the German government announced the adoption of "unrestricted submarine warfare". The subsequent preventative measures introduced by the Ministry of Shipping - including the setting up of the convoy system where warships were used to escort merchant vessels - led to a decrease in losses but by the end of the war, 3,305 merchant ships had been lost with a total of 17,000 lives. In the Second World War, losses were again considerable in the early years, reaching a peak in 1942. The heaviest losses were suffered in the Atlantic, but convoys making their way to Russia around the North Cape, and those supplying Malta in the Mediterranean were also particularly vulnerable to attack. In all, 4,786 merchant ships were lost during the war with a total of 32,000 lives. More than one quarter of this total were lost in home waters. The First World War section of the Tower Hill Memorial commemorates almost 12,000 Mercantile Marine casualties who have no grave but the sea. The memorial was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens with sculpture by Sir William Reid-Dick. It was unveiled by Queen Mary on 12 December 1928. The Second World War extension, designed by Sir Edward Maufe, with sculpture by Charles Wheeler, commemorates almost 24,000 names.

[Detail from the Commonwealth War Graves Commission website]

1914-1918
TO THE GLORY OF GOD
AND TO THE HONOUR OF
TWELVE THOUSAND
OF THE MERCHANT NAVY
AND FISHING FLEETS
WHO HAVE NO GRAVE BUT THE SEA

Photographs Copyright © Martin Edwards 2010
1939 - 1945
THE TWENTY FOUR THOUSAND OF THE MERCHANT NAVY AND FISHING FLEETS
WHOSE NAMES ARE HONOURED ON THE WALLS OF THIS GARDEN
GAVE THEIR LIVES FOR THEIR COUNTRY
AND HAVE NO GRAVE BUT THE SEA
IN MEMORY
OF
THOSE MERCHANT SEAFARERS
WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES
TO SECURE THE FREEDOM
OF
THE FALKLAND ISLANDS
1982

HAILWOOD

Christopher F

3rd Engineering Officer, Sir Galahad (London), Royal Fleet Auxiliary. Died when his ship was bombed at Fitzroy 8 June 1982. Aged 26. Resident Farnborough, Hampshire.

HENRY, GC

Paul A

2nd Engineering Officer, Sir Galahad (London), Royal Fleet Auxiliary. Died when his ship was bombed at Fitzroy 8 June 1982. Aged 34. Resident Berwick-Upon-Tweed. Awarded the George Cross (GC).

LEUNG

Chau Dis

Electrical Fitter, Sir Galahad (London), Royal Fleet Auxiliary. Died when his ship was bombed at Fitzroy 8 June 1982. Aged 51. Resident Kowloon, Hong Kong.

MORRIS

Andrew J

3rd Engineering Officer, Sir Galahad (London), Royal Fleet Auxiliary. Died when his ship was bombed at Fitzroy 8 June 1982. Aged 25. Resident Poole, Dorset.

SUNG

Yuk Fai Dis

Butcher, Sir Galahad (London), Royal Fleet Auxiliary. Died when his ship was bombed at Fitzroy 8 June 1982. Aged 51. Resident Kowloon, Hong Kong.

FRASER

William S

Quartermaster, Fort Grange (London), Royal Fleet Auxiliary. Died on board. No further information currently available

YEUNG

Swi Kami

Seaman, Sir Tristram (London), Merchant Navy. Died when his ship was bombed at Fitzroy 8 June 1982. Aged 43. Resident Cheung Chan Island, New Territories, Hong Kong.

YU

Sik Chee

Bosun, Sir Tristram (London), Royal Fleet Auxiliary. Died when his ship was bombed at Fitzroy 8 June 1982. Aged 60. Resident Kowloon, Hong Kong.

NORTH, DSC

Ian Harry

Master, SS Atlantic Conveyor (Liverpool), Merchant Navy. Died when Atlantic Conveyor was hit by an Exocet Missile 25 May 1982. Awarded the Distinguished Service Cross (DSC). Resident Doncaster, South Yorkshire.

DSC (Distinguished Service Cross) [London Gazette 8 October 1982 Page 4]

Captain Ian Harry NORTH, Merchant Navy.

On 14th April 1982 SS ATLANTIC CONVEYOR was laid up in Liverpool. On the 25th April she deployed to the South Atlantic converted to operate fixed and rotary wing aircraft and loaded with stores and equipment for the Falkland's Task Force. This astonishing feat was largely due to Captain North's innovation, leadership and inexhaustible energy.

SS ATLANTIC CONVEYOR joined the Carrier Battle Group on 19th May 1982 and was immediately treated as a warship in most respects. Almost comparable in manoeuvrability, flexibility and response Captain North and the ship came through with flying colours. When the ship was hit on 25th May Captain North was a tower of strength during the difficult period of damage assessment leading up to the decision to abandon ship. He left the ship last with enormous dignity and calm and his subsequent death was a blow to all.

A brilliant seaman, brave in war, immensely revered and loved his contribution to the Campaign was enormous and epitomised the great spirit of the Merchant Service.

CHAN

Chai Sing

Seaman, SS Atlantic Conveyor (Liverpool), Royal Fleet Auxiliary. Died when Atlantic Conveyor was hit by an Exocet Missile 25 May 1982. Resident Hong Kong.

DOBSON

John H

Bosun, SS Atlantic Conveyor (Liverpool), Merchant Navy. Died when Atlantic Conveyor was hit by an Exocet Missile 25 May 1982. Resident Exmouth, Devon.

FOULKES

Frank

Mechanic, SS Atlantic Conveyor (Liverpool), Merchant Navy. Died when Atlantic Conveyor was hit by an Exocet Missile 25 May 1982. Resident Great Plumpton, near Kirkham, Lancashire.

HAWKINS

David

Steward, SS Atlantic Conveyor (Liverpool), Merchant Navy. Died when Atlantic Conveyor was hit by an Exocet Missile 25 May 1982. resident Newquay, Cornwall.

HOOLE

Ronald R

1st Radio Officer, SS Atlantic Conveyor (Liverpool), Royal Fleet Auxiliary. Died when Atlantic Conveyor was hit by an Exocet Missile 25 May 1982. Resident Sutton-in-Ashfield, Nottinghamshire.

HUGHES

James

Mechanic, SS Atlantic Conveyor (Liverpool), Merchant Navy. Died when Atlantic Conveyor was hit by an Exocet Missile 25 May 1982. Resident Gosport, Hampshire.

NG

Por

Seaman, SS Atlantic Conveyor (Liverpool), Royal Fleet Auxiliary. Died when Atlantic Conveyor was hit by an Exocet Missile 25 May 1982. Resident Hong Kong.

VICKERS

Ernest N

Mechanic, SS Atlantic Conveyor (Liverpool), Merchant Navy. Died when Atlantic Conveyor was hit by an Exocet Missile 25 May 1982. Resident Middlesborough, Cleveland.

Not on memorial

BIDDICK

Brian

Captain, Uganda (Hospital Ship), Merchant Navy. Died after an emergency operation on the voyage to the Falklands 12 May 1982. Aged 48. Resident St columb, Cornwall. The Uganda was being a P & O Liner being used as a hospital ship.

KYE

Bem Kwo

Laundryman, HMS Coventry, Merchant Navy. Killed when his ship was bombed and sunk while operating off the northern coast of West Falkland 25 May 1982. Resident Shaukiwan, Hong Kong.

LAI

Chi Keung

Laundryman, HMS Sheffield, Royal Fleet Auxiliary. Died when his ship was hit by an Exocet missile 4 May; sank 10 May 1982. Aged 31. Resident Hong Kong.

Last updated 8 April, 2010

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