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British Legion
The Royal British Legion

ST GILES CATHEDRAL, EDINBURGH SOUTH AFRICA (BOER WAR)
ROYAL SCOTS WAR MEMORIAL

The memorial is to be found within St Giles Cathedral, Royal Mile, Edinburgh. It takes the form of a marbled style frame with the Regimental insignia across the top and the names of the men down the sides, the centre piece depicts a south african scene with the Regiment. The bottom section holds the inscription. The names have been sorted into order here for ease of reading and research.

THE ROYAL SCOTS (LOTHIAN REGIMENT).
[Extract from OUR REGIMENTS IN SOUTH AFRICA by John Stirling, published by Naval and Military Press Ltd]

THE 1st Battalion Royal Scots sailed as corps troops, and when Sir William F. Gatacre’s division was taken to ‘Natal, the Royal Scots, along with the 2nd Northumberland Fusiliers, 2nd Royal Irish Rifles, and part of the Berkshire Regiment, were put under his command in the Queenstown district. General Gatacre was never strong enough to do anything effective, and his attempt at Stormberg (see 2nd Northumberland Fusiliers) ended in one of the most severe defeats received by the British during the war. The Royal Scots were not actually engaged that day. Part of the battalion held the detraining-point at Molteno Station, and it has been suggested that they should have been allowed to go out to the assistance of their sorely-pressed comrades in their retreat. It is to the credit of the Royal Scots that they did ask leave to go out.

At Cyphergat on 3rd January, and subsequently at various times in the Molteno-Dordrecht district, the Royal Scots saw some fighting, and thus got invaluable training for heavier work. After the occupation of Bloemfontein the IIIrd Division had another mishap at Reddersburg, when 500 of the Royal Irish Rifles were cut off and surrendered after a stand which cannot be characterised as heroic. The general had then to demit his office, and the division, such as it was, passed to General Chermside. When Wepener was besieged the garrison included the Mounted Infantry company of the Royal Scots, which had been doing good work under General Brabant; and among the relieving forces were the IIIrd Division, which included the 1st Royal Scots. The battalion was in action about Wakkerstroom, in the Dewetsdorp neighbourhood (22nd and 24th April 1900), but this was the only fighting they were to see for a long time. Wepener was relieved on the 24th April 1900, after a defence which is one of the brightest pieces of work in the history of the campaign. After the relief of Wepener the battalion marched there, and for some months remained in the south-east of the Orange River Colony. Pretoria had been long occupied, and the IIIrd Division was still in the colony; but when the final advance eastwards from Pretoria was begun the Royal Scots were given a place.

On 25th August 1900 the battalion, about 1250 strong, was concentrated at Belfast. They arrived in time to be of some assistance in the fighting which preceded the battle of Bergendal on the 27th (see 2nd Rifle Brigade).

When General Buller found the way to Lydenburg too difficult, a force under General Ian Hamilton, which included an infantry brigade under Smith-Dorrien, was ordered to march northwards from the railway on Buller’s left flank, and so turn the worst positions.

The infantry brigade was made up of the Royal Scots, 1st Royal Irish Regiment, and 1st Gordons of Dargai and Florida fame.

On 3rd September the force commenced its northward march through very mountainous country. The enemy had to be cleared from a strong position, and this was done. On the evening of the 5th the Royal Scots were selected to seize during the night the mountain called Zwaggershoch, five miles from the bivouac. The task was successfully accomplished, and this gave Ian Hamilton control of an important pass and enabled him to help General Buller. On the 8th September the forces of Buller and Hamilton attacked the enemy’s main position near Lydenburg. The Royal Scots did well, and won the praises of the generals.

On the 9th Ian Hamilton’s force started on the return journey to Belfast; thence they marched to Koomati Poort over many lofty mountains. Koomati Poort was reached at 10.30 P.M. on 24th September, and at that place and Barberton the Royal Scots remained some time.

Thirteen officers and 16 non-commissioned officers and men were mentioned in Lord Roberts’ final despatch.

From the autumn of 1900 to the close of the war the battalion operated in the Eastern Transvaal, some portion generally doing garrison work and some companies trekking. During part of 1901 Colonel Douglas had command of a column which included 700 men of the Royal Scots. The column operated in the neighbourhood of the Delagoa line. On 16th May 1901 the Boers were found to be holding a strong position at Bermondsey which had to be taken. Their flanks were protected by precipices, but a company of the Royal Scots with great difficulty eventually got round the Boer right, and the position was then captured. Early in 1902 some companies were with Colonel Park in a column which made some useful captures. At the close of the campaign the battalion was doing garrison work about Balmoral and Middelburg.

If in the earlier stages of the war this fine old Regiment did not get much chance to distinguish itself, it is at least satisfactory to know that for over two years it did good, if not very showy, work, making no mistakes, and keeping out of all “regrettable incidents.” At Lydenburg and Bermondsey the officers and men engaged showed that the Regiment is worthy of its past.

In Lord Kitchener’s despatch of 8th July 1901, 3 officers and 4 men were commended for gallantry at Bermondsey, Lieutenant Price being recommended for the V.C. Several other mentions were gained by the Regiment during the latter phase of the war; some of these went to the Mounted Infantry companies, which continued to do fine work throughout. In Lord Kitchener’s final despatch 4 officers and 6 non-commissioned officers and men were mentioned.

IN AFFECTIONATE MEMORY OF THE OFFICERS,
NON COMMISIONED OFFICERS AND MEN OF THE
ROYAL SCOTS WHO LOST THEIR LIVES IN SOUTH AFRICA
DURING THE BOER WAS 1899, 1900, 1901, 1902
ERECTED BY THEIR COMRADES

ALLEN

C

Private 5695, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 19th May 1901 at Pretoria.

ALVEY

A

Private 4021, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Killed accidentally 21st February 1901 at Waterval Onder.

ANDREWS

J

Private 4419, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Wounded 19th December 1900 at Hekpoort Valley, died the same day.

ARCHER

F

Private 3624, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Killed in action 27th September 1900 at Thaba N'chu.

BARNETT

S

Private 3387, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 16th October 1901 at Capetown.

BATTISON

F

Private, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots.

BAXTER

W

Private 4211, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 7th November 1900 enroute to Pretoria.

BLAIR

J

Private 6715, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Drowned 24th September 1900 at Kaapmuiden.

BRADFORD

A

Private 5880, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 26th November 1900 at Thaba N'chu.

BRAND

J

Private 3509, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 13th April 1900 at Deelfontein.

BROADLEY

Thomas Stephen Charles William

Captain, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of enteric 18th February 1900 at Sterkstroom. Aged 32.

Extract from The Last Post - Roll of Officers who fell in South Africa 1899-1902 by Mildred G Dooner, published by Naval and Military Press:

Broadley. - Capt. Thomas Stephen Charles William Broadley, 1st Batt. Royal Scots, died of enteric at Sterkstroom, Feb. 18th, 1900. He was born in Jan. 1868, educated at Eton (Mr. Dalton’s), and entered the Royal Scots from the 4th Batt. Middlesex Regt., Jan., 1890, being promoted lieut. April, 1893, and capt. Feb., 1897. He accompanied his battalion to South Africa in Oct., 1899, and served with it in the north of Cape Colony.

BROWN

G

Lance Corporal, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots.

BUTLER

C

Private 4051, 1st Battalion (Mounted Infantry), Royal Scots. Died of disease 13th April 1901 at WarringhmsPst.

CARTER

H

Private 5463, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 17th March 1900 at Sterkstroom.

CLARK

T

Lance Corporal, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots.

CLEAVER

E

Private 1394, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Wounded 13th December 1900 at Nooitgedacht, died later.

DARLING

A

Private 4138, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 14th December 1901 at Pretoria.

DICKSON

J

Private 4456, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Killed in action 10th November 1900 at Vrede.

DICKSON

T

Private 7212, 1st Battalion (Mounted Volunteer Company), Royal Scots. Died of disease 12th May 1901 at Pretoria.

DODDS

F

Private, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. probably T DODDS Private 6841, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 23rd October 1900 t Kaapmuiden.

DODDS

J

Private 4170, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease either 26th July 1900 or 25th June 1900 at Springfontein.

DRYSDALE

Robert

Lieutenant, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Killed in action 31st August 1901 at Slabbert's Nek. Aged 25.

Extract from The Last Post - Roll of Officers who fell in South Africa 1899-1902 by Mildred G Dooner, published by Naval and Military Press:

Drysdale. - Lieut. Robert Drysdale, 1st Batt. Royal Scots. This officer was first reported missing at Slabbert’s Nek Aug. 31st, 1901. A Court of Enquiry assembled, and on investigating the circumstances came to the conclusion that Lieut. Drysdale had been killed on the date mentioned. He was born Oct., 1876, entered the Royal Scots Feb., 1897, being promoted lieut. April, 1899. He had served from Nov. 1899, with his battalion, first in the north of Cape Colony afterwards in the O.R.C. and Transvaal.

DUDGEON

J

[Sergeant on memorial] Private 3327, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 29th January 1900 at Sterkstroom.

EAGLE

J

[Drummer on memorial] Private 5192, 1st Battalion (Mounted Infantry), Royal Scots. Died of disease 16th January 1901 at Vrede.

EARLE

W

Private 7431, 1st Battalion (Mounted Volunteer Company), Royal Scots. Died of disease 22nd May 1901 at Pretoria.

EDWARDS

A

Private 6021, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Missing in action 13th December 1900 at Nooitgedacht, died 24th December 1900.

ELLIOTT

F

Private 3343, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 3rd May 1901 at Waterval Onder.

EMSLEY

A

Private, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots.

FEAR

H

Private 6778, 1st Battalion (12th Mounted Infantry), Royal Scots. Died of disease 4th January 1902 at Warm Baths.

FISHER

J

Private 6724, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 12th March 1901 at Pretoria.

HARDIMENT

W

Private 3385, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 30th July 1900 at Wepener.

HILL

H

Lance Corporal, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots.

JACQUES

C

Private 1610, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Missing in action 13th December 1900 at Nooitgedacht later reported killed in action.

JESSIMAN

W

Private 4350, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 12th January 1902 at Middelburg.

JEYES

M

Private 4062, 1st Battalion (Mounted infantry), Royal Scots. Died of disease 4th May 1901 at Norvals Point. Buried in Colesburg Cemetery, SA Grave No. 58.

JOHNSTONE

J

Private 4115, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 5th October 1900 at Springfontein.

JONES

F

Private 4628, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Killed in action 13th December 1900 at Nooitgedacht.

KELLY

A

Private, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots.

KING

G

Private 3864, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Killed in action 8th April 1900 at Wepener.

LAMBERT

D

Private 7182, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 24th December 1900 at Springfontein.

LARNIE

M

Private, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots.

LONIE

D

Private 6973, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 7th January 1901 at Pretoria.

LORENTZ

A H

Sergeant Major 2214, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 5th November 1901 at Middelburg.

MacDONALD

R

[Listed as McDonald in The Boer War Casualty Roll 1899-1902] Corporal 5726, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 15th December 1900 at Vrede.

MacGREGOR

Robert Lipton

Major, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Committed suicide while temporaily insane 2nd April 1901 at Nooitgedacht. Aged 38.

Extract from The Last Post - Roll of Officers who fell in South Africa 1899-1902 by Mildred G Dooner, published by Naval and Military Press:

Macgregor. - Major Robert Lipton Macgregor, 1st Batt. Royal Scots, died at Nooitgedacht, April 2nd, 1901. He was born April, 1862, and entered his Regiment May, 1882, being promoted capt. June, 1890, and major Oct., 1900. He served in the Bechuanaland Expedition under Sir Charles Warren, 1884-85, with the 1st Batt. Royal Scots, also in the operations in Zululand in 1888. Major Macgregor, who had been serving with the 2nd battalion in India, was posted on his promotion in Oct., 1900, to the 1st battalion, and proceeding to South Africa served there up to the time of his death.

MARKS

T

Corporal 5101, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Dangerously wounded accidentally 28th March 1902 at Balmoral, died of thosewounds 29th March 1902.

MARTIN

W H

Lance Sergeant 5269, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 10th October 1901 at Middelburg.

MARTYN

S

Private 3680, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 24th January 1902 at Pretoria.

MASSEY

H

Corporal 4130, 1st Battalion (Mounted Infantry), Royal Scots. Died of disease 11th August 1901 at Warmbaths.

MAY

A C

Private 6663, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 20th August 1901 at Middelburg.

McCORMACK

J

Private, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots.

McDOWELL

R

Corporal, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots.

McGREGOR

J

Colour Sergeant 4108, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 2nd November 1901 at Winburg.

McIVER

J

Private 5032, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 27th December 1900 at Standerton.

McKENZIE

A

Private 6938, 1st Battalion (Mounted Infantry), Royal Scots. Killed in action 8th September 1901 at Translokfontein.

McLEAN

R

Private 6128, 1st Battalion (Mounted Infantry), Royal Scots. Killed in action 10th May 1902 near Bultfontein.

MITCHELL

W

[Listed as Lance Corporal on memorial] Private 2507, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease at sea 14th March 1900.

MUNRO

J

Private 2254, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 27th April 1901 at Wynberg.

MURRAY

J

Private 6410, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 18th February 1901 at Barberton.

MURRAY

W

Private 6609, 1st Battalion (Mounted Infantry), Royal Scots. Died of disease 4th March 1901 at Pretoria.

NEAL

C

[Listed as Neall in The Boer War Casualty Roll 1899-1902] Private 6886, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 17th January 1901 at Middelburg. Resident Oakham, Rutland. See also Oakham Church

OGLESBY

E

Private 5606, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 29th January 1900 at Sterkstroom.

OWEN

H

Private 4755, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 16th January 1901 at Barberton.

PARK

A

Private 1842, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of alcoholism 19th July 1901 at Middelburg.

PIKE

W

Private 7000, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 26th November 1901 at Middelburg.

POCOCK

G

Private, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots.

PRATT

G

Private 4776, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 17th March 1900 at Sterkstroom.

PRESTON

John Starkie

Second Lieutenant, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of enteric fever 27th June 1900 at Dewetsdorp. Aged 21. Born 14th June 1879. Son of J. Preston, of Mearbeck House, near Leeds. Educated Haileybury, Hertfordshire. Buried in English Common Cemetery, Dewetsdorp. Also listed on Haileybury School Memorial

Extract from The Last Post - Roll of Officers who fell in South Africa 1899-1902 by Mildred G Dooner, published by Naval and Military Press:

Preston. - 2nd Lieut. John Starkie Preston, 1st Batt. Royal Scots, died of enteric at Dewetsdorp, June 27th, 1900. He was the son of J. Preston, Esq., of Mearbeck House, near Leeds, was born in June, 1879, and educated at Haileybury. He entered the Royal Scots from the 3rd Batt. East Lancashire Regt. in Oct., 1899. 2nd Lieut. Preston served in South Africa with his battalion from the commencement of the war in the north of Cape Colony and afterwards in the O.R.C.

PURSER

H

Private 3776, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 2nd January 1902 at Pretoria.

ROBERTSON

G

Sergeant 3395, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Killed in action 22nd March 1901 near Wildfontein.

ROSS

W

Private 4094, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 18th February 1902 between Wonderfontein and Pan

SAVAGE

T

Private 1169, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Killed in action 13th December 1900 at Nooitgedacht.

SCRUTTON

B I

Private 5683, 1st Battalion (Mounted Infantry), Royal Scots. Died of disease 19th April 1901 at Thaba N'chu. See also Norfolk Boer War memorial, Norwich

SHEDDON

W

Private 6968, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Killed in action 16th May 1901 at Uitkomst.

SIMMONS

J

[Listed as T SIMMONS in The Boer War Casualty Roll 1899-1902] Private, 1st Battalion (Mounted Infantry), Royal Scots. Died of disease 27th February 1901 at Pretoria.

SLOAN

J

Private 5576, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Drowned 17th October 1901 at Mooi River.

SMITH

J

Private, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots.

SPENCE

W

Lance Corporal 7255, 1st Battalion (Volunteer Company), Royal Scots. Died of disease 30th April 1901 at Bronkhstspruit.

STANTON

J

Private 3174, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 8th May 1900 at Tammersberg Drift.

STEWART

J

Private, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots.

TAYLOR

J

Sergeant 3329, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 25th June 1900 at Wepener.

TRUSS

F

Private 7085, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 6th June 1901 at Waterval Onder.

TWYFORD, DSO

Ernest Henry Samuel

Major, 1st Battalion, ROyal Scots. Killed in action 13th April 1901 at Bafontein. Aged 37. Awarded Distinguished Service Order (D.S.O.) in 1901.

Extract from The Last Post - Roll of Officers who fell in South Africa 1899-1902 by Mildred G Dooner, published by Naval and Military Press:

Twyford. — Major Ernest Henry Samuel Twyford, D.S.O., p.s.c., 1st Batt. Royal Scots, was killed in action at Badfontein, in the Lydenburg district, April 13th, 1901. He was born Oct., 1863, and entered the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) in Dec., 1883, being promoted lieut. Nov., 1887, capt. March, 1894, major April, 1899, and was transferred to the 1st Batt. Royal Scots in Feb., 1901. He had held the position of adjutant, Scottish Rifles, from Nov., 1887-91. He served with the Chin Lushai Expeditionary Force as transport officer in 1889, receiving the medal with clasp. In the South African War he was with the 2nd Batt. Scottish Rifles in the Natal Field Force, and was present at the battle of Colenso, the engagements at Spion Kop and Vaal Kranz, in the operations on the Tugela from Feb. 14th-27th, 1900, including the fighting at Pieter’s Hill (severely wounded) and the relief of Ladysmith, being mentioned in despatches. Major Twyford also took part in the subsequent operations in the Transvaal, and was awarded the D.S.O., L.G., April 19th, 1901. When killed he was on his way to join the 1st Batt. Royal Scots, to which he had been appointed as second in command.

WALLACE

S

Private 2230, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 1st May 1900 at Nauwpoort.

WATKINS

S

Private 3733, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 2630th August 1900 at Middelburg.

WATSON

J

Private 6599, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 7th November 1900 at Germiston.

WHITELEY

J

Private 4162, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots. Died of disease 13th February 1901 at Waterval Onder.

WILLIAMSON

A

Lance Corporal, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots.

WILSON

J

Private, 1st Battalion, Royal Scots.

WILSON

W

Private 5883, 1st Battalion (Mounted Infantry), Royal Scots. Died of disease 2nd January 1901 at Vrede.

Last updated 17 February, 2009

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