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British Legion
The Royal British Legion

Crimean War - 30th Foot - Orders of Battle

The Alma (20 September 1854)

The British (Lord Raglan)

Front line

Light Division (Sir George Brown)

 

2nd Division (Sir George de Lacy Evans)

L brigade (Buller)

R brigade (Codrington)

L brigade (Pennefather)

R brigade (Adams)

77th

88th

19th

33rd

23rd

7th

95th

55th

30th #

47th

49th

41st

 

 

#-30th Regiment of Foot (Cambridgeshires) - suffered heavy casulties

Second line

1st Division (HRH The Duke of Cambridge)

Highland Brigade (Sir Colin Campbell)

 

Brigade of Guards (Bentinck)

79th

93rd

42nd

Coldstreams

Scots Fusiliers

Grenadiers

Reserves

3rd Division (Sir Richard England)

Left brigade (Sir W Eyre)

 

Right brigade (Sir J Campbell)

4th

44th

28th

38th

50th

1st

 

Cavalry Division (Lord Lucan)

Light brigade (Lord Cardigan)

17th Lancers

11th Hussars

8th Hussars

13th Light Dragoons

4th Light Dragoons †

 

4th Division (Sir George Cathcart) *

2nd brigade (Torrens)†

 

1st brigade (Horn)

46th (2 coys)

63rd

4th LD (1 troop)

20th

21st

68th

1st Rifle Brigade

 

*

The composition of the 4th Division at the battle of the Alma is a matter of contention. This table is based on the findings of Michael Hargreave Mawson in The War Correspondent - the journal of the Crimean War Research Society - XIII.iv.22, January 1996

Torrens’ Brigade, with one troop of the 4th Light Dragoons, had been left behind at Old Fort to embark the sick and clear the beach, and did not arrive at the Alma until after the battle.

 

General Orders of Battle for Crimean War

The general deployment of British infantry was as follows.

A division comprised 2 brigades and 1 or 2 batteries of artillery.

A brigade comprised 3 Regimental battalions.

A battalion usually comprised 8 companies.

A company normally comprised 100-120 men.

The general deployment of British cavalry was as follows.

A division comprised 2 brigades and 1 troop of horse artillery.

A brigade comprised 3 (in the Crimea, 5) Regiments.

A Regiment comprised 3 (in the Crimea, 2) squadrons.

A squadron comprised 2 troops.

A troop at full strength comprised about 70 men.

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