Britannic, the third and largest Olympic-class ocean liner of
the White Star Line, sister ship of RMS Olympic and RMS Titanic,
was launched on 26th February 1914 at the Harland & Wolff
shipyards in Belfast and fitting out began. Before Britannic could
commence transatlantic service between New York and Southampton,
in August 1914, World War 1 broke out. On November 13th, 1915
Britannic was requisitioned as a hospital ship and repainted white
with large red crosses and a horizontal green stripe, she was
renamed HMHS (His Majesty's Hospital Ship) Britannic and placed
under the command of Captain Charles A. Bartlett.
completing five successful voyages to the Middle Eastern theatre
and back to the United Kingdom, transporting the sick and wounded,
Britannic was laid up in April 1916 and decommissioned a month
later. However, before she was completely refitted for passenger
service, she was recalled to hospital ship duty and resumed that
service in September.
her third trip after being recalled, she struck a mine off Kea
Island on 21st November 1916 and sank 55 minutes later. Various
sources give the number of deaths as between 21 and 41; all occurred
when two lifeboats were shredded by the ship's still turning propellers.
Fortunately, no patients were aboard; the balance of the 1,125
medical staff and crew were rescued.
(HMHS Britannic) and Wikepedia
- HMHS Britannic