The Illustrated London News - 15 August 1953:
KENYA ON MINDEN DAY : THE LANCASHIRE FUSILIERS, LED BY THE BAND
OF THE KING'S AFRICAN RIFLES, MARCHING TO THE RAILWAY STATION IN
On August 1, the anniversary of one of the Regiment's proudest memories—the
Battle of Minden--men of the 1st Battalion The Lancashire Fusiliers
left Nairobi to return to England. The battalion, who has waged
a ten-months campaign against Mau Mau terrorists, is being replaced
by the 1st Battalion The Black Watch.
from Londonderry Sentinel - Thursday 21 October 1954, page
Kenya terriorists killed, 11,524 captured
IN the House of Commons yesterday, Mr. Alan Lennox Boyd, Colonial
Secretary, gave casualty figures for the Kenya emergency from its
beginning up to September 25.
He said 6,608 terrorists had been killed and 11,524 captured, of
whom 727 were wounded. The casualties among the Security-Forces
were 476 killed, of ,whom twenty-eight were Europeans, two Asiatics
and 446 Africans.
There were 426 wounded, of whom fifty-five were Europeans, twelve
Asiatics and 359 Africans. In addition, twenty-five Europeans, eighteen
Asiatics and 1,234 African; civilians were murdered, and twenty-four
Europeans, twentyseven Asiatics and 703 African civilians were wounded
by Mau Mau terrorists.
The Colonial Secretary told another questioner that at the end of
September 48,000 people were detained in Kenya.
This figure included persons held for screening as a result of the
Nairobi operations, as well as persons temporarily in police custody
Of 17,435 people against whom detention orders had been made, 724
had appealed to the Advisory Committee on detainees; 642 cases had
been heard in Kenya.
The Colonial Secretary told Mr. Brockway that the surrender offer
of August last remained. It was open to individual terrorists to
The Kenya Government had always been ready to end the fighting and
consider any approach for mass surrender from gang leaders able
to influence large numbers of terrorists into surrender.
of Kenya at that time
from Nottingham Journal - Thursday 30 April 1953, page
troops to attack
All-out drive on Mau Mau soon
TROOPS fighting the Mau Mau are to be secretly re-deployed the near
future for offensive action, it was announced tonight. The Director
of Operations, Major-General Hinde, issued this order after a meeting
of Kenya Colony’s Joint Operations
The first battalions of the Devonshires and the Buffs will be fully
operational, and will go into full-scale action within a few days,
it was learned last night.
The anti-Mau Mau offensive is to te intensified now that their acclimatisation
and their training in jungle warfare are completed.
It will mean an all-out drive against marauding terrorist gangs
in the Aberdare Mountains and the White Highlands.”—Reuter.
The Colonial Secretary. Mr. Oliver Lyttelton, replying to questions
in the Commons yesterday about how many casualties and arrests there
had been in Kenya said:
to April 14 270 members of the Security Forces and civilians have
been murdered (255 Africans, three Asians, and 12 Europeans), and
166 wounded (153 Africans, four Asians and nine Europeans).
the beginning of the emergency. 82.840 persons have been arrested
8 975 released at once, 38,947 screened and released and 28,912
screened and tried, 6,006 persons are now in custody awaiting trial
of whom 2.549 are in police custody, 2,116 in prison custody, and
1.291 in remand homes. Four hundred and thirty persons have been
shot while resisting arrest or after being challenged to stop.”
Mr. Lyttelton in a later statement announced that he proposed to
pay an early visit to Kenya to “consult with the Governor
and again view the situation at first hand.”
Inspection, Nairobi October 1952
The Illustrated London News - 15 August 1953:
THE LANCASHIRE FUSILIERS : THE I ST BATTALION THE BLACK WATCH MARCHING
FROM NAIROBI RAILWAY STATION ON THEIR ARRIVAL. IN KENYA:
1st Battalion the Black Watch arrived in Kenya from Korea in the
troopship Empire Falvey on August 1, having recently completed their
twelve-month tour with the 1st Commonwealth Division in Korea. During
their year in Korea the battalion suffered 'casu,altieS of 58 killed
and 280 wounded.
from Northern Whig - Monday 22 February 1954, page 2:
THE WEEK END BATTLE in Kenya in which the security forces achieved
their greatest success yet over the Mau Mau terrorists may be regarded
with satisfaction, although it will only be a limited satisfaction.
With the capture of the personality known as "General China"
recently and the capture at the week-end of another known as "General
Cargo", said to be the Mau Mau chief recruiting officer, together
with the heavy casualties inflicted, this may prove to be possibly
a decisive action in the emergency.
That at least must be a general hope, for there can be no gainsaying
the uneasiness with which events in the colony have been watched
over the past eighteen months. Although the unrest among the natives
is said only to exist among the Kikuyu, who are but one of several
peoples in Kenya, there seems to be no certain knowledge of the
strength of the terrorist movement. Periods of calm, when it was
suggested that control had been secured, have been succeeded by
new outbreaks of barbarism. Fresh measures have been introduced,
sometimes followed by an appearance of success, but the restoration
of order is still not in sight.
Mr. Lyttelton’s visit
NOR DOES it seem possible to say that either the local government
or the Colonial Office have any clear ideas about how the emergency
is to be ended or what developments are take place in the future
if the present military measures succeed in stamping out the Mau
Mau movement. General Sir George Erskine, who was appointed to command
the forces in Kenya, has worked energetically and seen some success
follow, but he himself has declared that the ultimate solution must
be political, not military.
This week the Colonial Secretary, Mr. Oliver Lyttelton, will visit
Kenya, accompanied by General Sir John Harding, Chief the Imperial
General Staff, and while this trip was arranged before the recent
Parliamentary delegation returned from the colony he will have the
advantage of having seen the lengthy report they have prepared.
By all accounts, the delegation were seriously disturbed by what
they saw during their journey and it may be that this report, together
with what he learns for himself, will help to bring an end to the
If he finds that drastic political action, including constitutional
changes, are required to unite the whole colony against the terrorist
campaign he should not hesitate to take it, for it is only if the
whole community can be brought to act together against the Man Mau
that peace and order will be restored.