World War 1 - Detailed information
Compiled and copyright © John Harrison 2005
war memorial is situated next to the B7040 in the village of Leadhills
and opposite the Hopetoun Arms public house. It is the closest point
available near to the church. It consists of a Celtic cross of sacrifice
with the depiction of a sword, in black, hilt uppermost on the side
of the cross. This is on a rectangular stone base containing the names
of the casualties from the Great War. It also contains the dedication
is the second highest village in Scotland, being situated some 1300
feet up in the Southern Uplands in Lanarkshire, on the border with Dumfries
and Galloway. The weather is harsh in winter. Formerly not only one
of the major producers of lead between the seventeenth century and twentieth
centuries, the area was also known for silver and some gold and was
called ‘God’s Treasure House in Scotland’. Although
a branch line railway was opened in 1901 the mines remained unprofitable
and closed in 1928.
Copyright © Eric McQuarrie 2005
by the inhabitants of Leadhills
in memory of those connected with the village who fell in the
Great War 1914 - 1919’.
50903 79th Field Ambulance, Royal Army Medical Corps. Thomas was
born in Leadhills about 1895, the son of William Blackwood. He died
over a year after the end of the war, on 19th November 1919 in Egypt
and was buried at Alexandria (Hadra) War Cemetery, Alexandria. Many
of the deaths in Egypt were due to disease, not wounds and as it
is so long after the end of the war this is the most likely cause
for Thomas. Consequently he also does not appear in ‘Soldiers Died
in The Great War’.
Serjeant 40537 2nd Battalion, Royal Scots Fusiliers. John was born
in Leadhills about 1878, the son of Thomas and Mary Brown. His father
was an Engine Keeper, born in Leadhills and they lived in Flexholm,
Leadhills. At the time of his death, John was married and living
at 135. Mayfield Road, Edinburgh with his wife Jane Wilson. He died
of wounds on 12 April 1918 and his body was not found for burial.
He is commemorated on the Ploegsteert Memorial in Belgium. Soldiers
Died in the Great War records John enlisted in Dumbarton.
7980 8th (Lanark) Battalion Highland Light Infantry. James was born
in Leadhills about 1888, the son of John Cook and his wife Mary
Watson. At the time of their son’s death, his parents were living
at Ramsay Place, Leadhills. His brother William also died in the
war. James enlisted in Leadhills and was killed in the Quintinshill
railway disaster near Gretna, Dumfriesshire on 22 May 1915. He is
buried at Rosebank Cemetery, Edinburgh. The final toll stood at
227 killed and 246 injured. The Royal Scots suffered the vast majority
of casualties, with 215 killed, including 3 officers, 29 NCOs and
182 men out of a total of 485 on board. On that fateful day, the
Battalion lost 42 per cent of its casualties for the whole of the
war. There are memorials to the disaster at the site and at Larbert
station, Stirlingshire where the troops boarded the train. Brother
of William MacDonald Cook.
1163 11th (Service) Bn Highland Light Infantry. William was born
in Leadhills about 1884, the son of John and Mary Watson. John Cook
was a Lead Smelter and came from Leadhills as did his wife. The
Commonwealth War Graves Commission give their address as Ramsay
Place, Leadhills He died on 3 July 1916 and his body was not found
for burial He is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial. Brother
of James Cook
Corporal 1951 1/5th (Dumfries and Galloway) Battalion King’s Own
Scottish Borderers. Thomas was born in Leadhills, but other connections
with the village have not yet been traced. He died on 12th July
1915 and his remains were not found for burial. He is commemorated
on the Helles Memorial. Thomas was living in Sanquhar at the start
of the war and this is where he enlisted. Killed in attack on Turkish
positions. In this attack the battalion lost 11 officers (6 killed,
5 wounded) and 259 men (76 killed, 183 wounded), the whole brigade
lost 48 officers and 1268 men.
144092 ‘A’ Battery; 149th Brigade, Royal Field Artillery. William
was born in Leadhills about 1887, the son of Andrew Harkness. He
was living in the village at the time of his enlistment at Hamilton.
After his death William’s wife Williamina was recorded by The Commonwealth
War Graves Commission as living at 52 Belleville St, Greenock. He
was killed in action on 31 March 1918 and is buried in the Moreuil
Communal Cemetery Extension at Moreuil.
43511 9th (Service) Bn Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). David was
born in Leadhills and enlisted there, but nothing else is known
at present, other than he is on the Leadhills War Memorial.. He
died on 20th September 1917 and his body was not found for burial
He is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial to the missing at Zonnebeke,
712 6th Bn South African Infantry (Duke of Connaught and Strathearn’s
Own Capetown Highlanders). David was born in Leadhills about 1894,
son of James McLean and his wife Mary. According to the Family Memorial
in Leadhills Cemetery, James’ wife Mary died at the early age of
43 in 1901; James lived to be 73, dying in 1926. It also records
other children, a further son, Charles, who died as a child and
daughters Annie, Susan and Marion; as well as David who ‘died on
active service in Durban, South Africa, from fever’. David died
on 3 January 1917 and is buried in Stamford Hill Cemetery, Durban.
There are only five military burials here and David is the only
one from his Regiment.
19590 16th (Service) Battalion (2nd Edinburgh) Royal Scots. William
was born in Leadhills about 1895, the son of Adam Menzies and his
wife Isabel Proudfoot. He had two sisters, Jane who died as a child
aged 2 and Isabel who died as an infant. His father died in 1904
at the age of 61, but his mother lived until 1943. He is not listed
on the Leadhills War Memorial. He enlisted in Edinburgh and died
on 18th October 1917 and is buried at Solferino Farm Cemetery, Ypres
38418 16th (Service) Bn (2nd Edinburgh) Royal Scots. Adam was born
in Leadhills about 1878. He was the son of William Miller and his
wife Margaret McAdam. William was a lead miner, born in Leadhills.
The family is commemorated in Leadhills cemetery. ‘William Miller
died 1 December 1909 aged 56, Wife Margaret McAdam died 15 July
1921 aged 63; son James died as an infant; son Adam killed in action,
France 9 April 1917 aged 39. ‘Adam was living at Kirknewton, now
in West Lothian and enlisted at Glencorse Barracks, Midlothian.
At the time of his death Adam had married and his wife Mary was
living at 7, Leslie Place Penicuick, Midlothian. Adam died on 9th
April 1917 during the Battle of Arras. He is buried in Roclincourt
Valley Cemetery, Pas De Calais, France.
1066 7th (Service) Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders. Walter was born
in Edinburgh and enlisted at Fort George near Inverness. No further
details are know at present other than his inclusion on the Leadhills
War Memorial He died on 14 July 1916 and is buried in Combles Communal
Cemetery Extension, Combles. This cemetery is some five miles east
from where he died indicating he was re-interred from his original
burial site. Nine members of the Regiment are buried here. Friday
14th July saw the start of the Battle of Bazentin Ridge . The attack
started at 3.52 A M and 26 Brigade were on the right of the divisional
assault. 8Th Black Watch and 10th Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders
were in the lead with 7th Seaforth Highlanders in reserve in Montauban
Alley. Some troops in the leading wave reached Delville Wood without
firing a shot, although a counter barrage hit Caterpillar Wood.
26 and 27 Brigades captured two rows of trenches and, despite a
short hold up south of Longueval, took all the initial objectives
except for part of Longueval village at the strongpoint known as
Waterlot Farm, a former sugar beet refinery. 7th Seaforth Highlanders
and 5th Cameron Highlanders then occupied Longueval Alley. These
positions were held until the battalion was relieved on 19th July.
The fighting caused heavy casualties. From 1st until 19th July the
battalion casualties comprised 22 officers and 429 other ranks with
60 O/R killed on 14th July itself.
Lieutenant 10th (Service) Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers. His
father, William James Hunter Noble was born at Leadhills in 1849
and died there on 1st December 1888; his mother, Christina Henderson
Noble, born 1854 died there 29th April 1895 He had a sister, Margaret
Christina Hunter Noble, who married there in 1904. There were other
brothers and sisters, the last of them being Helen Robertson Johnston
Noble who died at Leadhills in January 1975. He was educated at
Devon Lodge, Dollar, and Edinburgh University, and was admitted
to L.D.S. He enlisted as a Private in the Lovat's Scouts early in
the war and received his commission as an officer in the 10th Northumberland
Fusiliers in summer 1915. John died on 25th September 1916, aged
27, and his body was not found for burial. He is commemorated on
the Thiepval Memorial.
8115 2nd Battalion Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke
of Albany’s). Soldiers Died in The Great War notes that William
was born in Crawford. This may be the village of that name, but
is more likely to be the parish that includes both Crawford village
and Leadhills. It also records he enlisted in Glasgow. No other
information about William is available other than his appearance
on the Leadhills War Memorial. As he was killed in the third month
of the war it is possible he was a regular soldier or reservist,
rather than a volunteer of 1914. He died on 26th October 1914 and
his body was not found for burial. He is commemorated on Panel 9
of the Ploegsteert Memorial.
6781 1/4th (The Border) Bn King’s Own Scottish Borderers. William
was born in Leadhills on January 9th 1895 and was the son of John
and Mary Moffat Paterson who are recorded by the Commonwealth War
Graves Commission as living at Harryburn Cottage, Lauder, Berwickshire.
John was a coachman and later a gardener. He had another son, John
Moffat Paterson and two daughters Margaret Haddow Paterson and Nancy
Weir Paterson. Nancy died in 1904 aged two. His brother John also
served in the Great War, with the Royal Scots, and was wounded,
but returned home safely. In 1914 William was resident in Lauder,
which is where he enlisted that year. He was killed in action on
12th July 1915 and his body was not found for burial. He is commemorated
on the Helles Memorial at Gallipoli.
43525 2nd Bn Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). John was born in Leadhills
about 1895, the son of Mrs Mary D. Simpson who was later recorded
by the Commonwealth Graves Commission as living at California Place,
Leadhills. He died on 9th August 1918 and is buried at the Sucrerie
Cemetery, Ablain-St. Nazaire, France. Ablain-St Nazaire is a village
approximately 8 miles (13 kilometres) north of Arras. As the division
was involved in training some thirty miles from where John died,
he may have been attached to another unit at the time of his death
as there are twenty other casualties from the Regiment buried here.
S/22223 6th (Service) Battalion Queen’s Own Cameron Highlanders.
Andrew was born about 1896, the son of Edward and Margaret Smellie
of 12, Bridgend Road, Greenock which is where he enlisted. He is
the only Andrew Smellie to be killed in the First World War and
is identified on that basis as the Leadhills War Memorial states
his unit to be the Gordon Highlanders. His connection to Leadhills
is not known. He died on 7th December 1916, probably of wounds received
during the later stages of the Battle of the Somme and was buried
in the St Sever Cemetery Extension, Rouen.
136280 254th Tunnelling Company Royal Engineers. Joseph Williams
was born in Leadhills about 1880 and was the son of Joseph Williams
and Catherine Mitchell. His father was a lead miner from the Isle
of Man and his mother from Leadhills. He was the husband of Marion
Stanton Williams who was living at 76 Kirkwood Rows, Bargeddie,
Glasgow. . He died on 19 March 1916 and is buried in Gorre British
and Indian Cemetery in the Pas de Calais.
name liveth for evermore
as Able Seaman] Ordinary Seaman P/JX191166, HMS Sandwich, Royal
Navy. Died 28th March 1941. Aged 21. Son of James and Elizabeth
Forsyth Dempster, of Gowan Bank, Leadhills. Buried in LEADHILLS
CEMETERY, Leadhills, Lanarkshire. Grave 141.
3060964, 1st Battation, T.he Tyneside Scottish, Black Watch (Royal
Highlanders). Died 1st July 1944. Aged 24. Son of Alexander and
Helen McLintock, of Lochmaben, Dumfriesshire. No known grave. Commemorated
on BAYEUX MEMORIAL, Calvados, France. Panel 16, Column 1.
6 September, 2019