(Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot
to the British Army in the 19th Century
1809 the British army was divided into Regiments, as today,
but most Regiments were described by numbers not by names;
thus, for instance, the Bedfordshire Regiment was properly
called the 14th, the Connaught Rangers the 88th and so on.
The soldiers themselves preferred the names but had to wait
until 1881 for their official adoption.
Regiment was an administrative unit; the basic fighting unit
was the Battalion. Most Regiments consisted of at least two
Battalions but a few were small single Battalion Regiments.
On paper a Battalion was supposed to have about a thousand
men but disease and casualties, plus the shortage of recruits,
meant that Battalions often went into battle with only five
or six hundeed troops.
Battalions were divided into ten companies. Two of these,
the Light Company and the Grenadier Company, were the elite
of the Battalion and the Light Companies, in particular, were
so useful that whole Regiments of Light troops were raised
Battalion was usually commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel, with
two Majors, ten Captains, and below them the Lieutenants and
Ensigns. None of these officers would have received any formal
training; that was reserved for officers of the Engineers
and the Artillery. About one officer in twenty was promoted
from the ranks. Normal promotion was by seniority rather than
merit but a rich man, as long as he had served a minimum period
in his rank, could buy his next promotion and thus jump the
queue. This system of purchase could lead to very unfair promotions
but it is worth remembering that without it Britain's most
successful soldier, Sir Arthur Wellesley, later the Duke of
Wellington, would never have risen to high rank early enough
in his career to form the most brilliant army Britain has
of Actions & Some History
Foot (Cambridgeshire) 1701-1881
as Viscount Castleton's Regiment of Foot
as Thomas Saunderson's Regiment of Foot
after the Treaty of Ryswick
- known as Thomas Saunderson's Regiment of Marines also
known until 1751 by the names of other colonels
- Gibraltar remained a Spanish possession until the
beginning of the eighteenth century. During the War
of the Spanish Succession (1702-1713), the Rock of Gibraltar
became a pawn in the struggle between the two rival
claimants to the Spanish throne, the Frenchman Philip
of Anjou ("Philip V") and the Austrian Archduke Charles
- first battle honours
by forces loyal to the former, Gibraltar fell to a combined
Anglo-Dutch force supporting the latter in 1704. Gibraltar,
then, had been captured on behalf of one of the claimants
to the Spanish throne. However, as the war neared its
end, English policy was beginning to attach greater
importance to Gibraltar, and by the Treaty of Utrecht
(1713), which ended the conflict, the Fortress was yielded
to the Crown of Great Britain "for ever." Spain laid
siege to the rock in 1727 and again in 1779. In the
latter case, "The Great Siege" lasted for close on four
years and great destruction was caused to the town and
its fortifications. It was the last attempt to take
the Rock by force of arms.
- The war of Spanish Succession marked the end of Catalan
privileges. Relations with the bourbon king Philip V
were bad from the start due to his totalitarian political
ideas. The royal viceroy in Barcelona repeatedly infringed
the Catalan constitutions. Although Barcelona’s merchants
were generally peaceful they could stand no more interference
from Spain and stated that as a sovereign nation they
had a right to secede from a monarchy that no longer
respected their rights. On the 20th of June of 1705
Catalonia signed a treaty with England and Genoa. The
war with Spain lasted 9 years and ended with the surrender
of Barcelona on September 11, 1714, today celebrated
as Catalonia’s National day. Philip V abolished the
traditional Catalan constitutions and Barcelona became
a mere provincial city, humiliated by the permanent
presence of an occupying army in what is today the Ciutadella
- French colony, centered on NOVA SCOTIA, but including
also PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND and much of the mainland coast
from Quebec to Maine. In 1605 the French founded Port
Royal, the first and chief town. During the FRENCH AND
INDIAN WARS, the Peace of Utrecht (1713) gave Britain
possession of the Nova Scotian peninsula, and, by the
Treaty of PARIS (1763), all of Acadia fell to Britain.
Doubting the loyalty of the French inhabitants (called
Acadians), the British expelled many of them in 1755
and 1758. Most were scattered among the British colonies
to the south, many of them later returning to the area.
Other exiles found havens elsewhere, notably the Cajuns
of S Louisiana, who still preserve a separate folk culture.
of 30th Foot 1742
- Nova Scotia, E Canada, on CAPE BRETON ISLAND. Its
ice-free port, guarded by the great fortress of Louisbourg
(built 1720-40), served as headquarters for the French
fleet in ACADIA. The stronghold played a major role
in the struggle for control of North America between
France and England until it was captured and destroyed
by the British in 1758. The first attack came in 1745
following a declaration of war between Britain and France.
Charged with the fervour of a religious crusade, and
informed that the fortress was in disrepair with its
poorly supplied troops on the verge of mutiny, the New
Englanders mounted an assault on Louisbourg. Within
46 days of the invasion the fortress was captured. To
the chagrin of the New Englanders, only three years
later the town was restored to the French by the Treaty
of Aix-la-Chapelle. In 1758 Louisbourg was besieged
a second time. Without a strong navy to patrol the sea
beyond its walls, Louisbourg was impossible to defend.
Attacking with 16,000 troops supported by 150 ships,
a British army captured the fortress in seven weeks.
Determined that Louisbourg would never again become
a fortified French base, the British demolished the
as 30th Regiment of Foot also known as The Three Tens
or Three X's because of Regimental number.
- 8th August 1758, Cherbourg was captured by the British,
and its port facilities were destroyed. Battles fought
on 8th August and 11th September 1758.
America - In 1775, Parliament passed the New
England Restraining Act. This prohibited the New England
Colonies from trading with any country other than Britain.
It was also decided to use force to impose compliance
with recent Acts. On April 18th, the Boston Committee
of Safety discovered a British plan to send troops to
Concord to seize ammunition. Paul Revere and William
Dawes were sent to relay the warning and alert the Minute
Men. On the 19th, the British troops came upon the Minute
Men at Lexinton. During the encounter, a shot – “the
shot heard ‘round the world” – was fired and the American
Revolution had begun.
the early part of the American War of Independence the
Thirtieth was in Ireland; but it sailed from Cork with
other reinforcements in 1781, and made one campaign
in Carolina. When the Carolina Loyalists quitted their
old homes, in December, 1782, the 30th accompanied part
of the convoy to Jamaica.
as 30th (the Cambridgeshire
) Regiment of Foot
- On 28 August 1793 a mixed force of British, Spanish
and émigré French troops under the command of Admiral
Lord Hood occupied the port of Toulon, where the population
was in revolt against the revolutionary government in
Paris. The port was surrounded by a string of forts,
designed to protect both the town and the anchorage,
but Hood had insufficient troops available to hold them
all. Initially, his British contingent no more than
1,200 men from the 11th, 25th, 30th and 69th Regiments
of Foot, all of whom had been embarked on the fleet
as marines when the war began, and although they were
supported by nearly 3,000 Spaniards, the latter soon
proved to be unreliable. Despite the arrival of Sardinian,
Neapolitan and some additional British troops (the later
drawn from the 2nd and 18th Regiments of Foot), the
land commander, Lord Mulgrave could do little to strengthen
the defences against a French force that quickly grew
to over 20,000 men, including the young Napoleon Bonaparte
as captain of artillery. An ill-directed attack on a
French redoubt at Aresnes, to the West of the port,
on 29 November led to heavy British losses, after which
the defences began to crack. On 17 December Bonaparte
led an assault on Point l'Eguilette, overlooking the
inner harbour, upon which the Spanish and Neapolitan
contingents withdrew from Toulon without consulting
their allies. On the 19th, Hood evacuated the remains
of his force, leaving most of the heavy equipment behind.
It was in common with many of the expeditions at the
beginning of the Revolutionary War, a badly managed
- The Corsican native remains proud and independant,
but luckily well disposed to the British visitor. Corsicans
have a deep seated racial distrust of most continental
visitors, probably for well founded historical reasons.
British however are fondly remembered for Theodore de
Neuhoff, an English adventurer who persuaded the Corsicans
to declare him King in 1736. He wisely vanished 7 months
later before the Corsicans lost interest. The British
tried again in 1794, and it was a Corsican who shot
Nelson's eye out in the blockade of Calvi. After a 2
year occupation the British themselves lost interest
and left Corsica to the French and to the native population.
- June 1798 - Napoleon Bonaparte, on his way to Egypt,
captured Malta and expelled the Order of the Knights
of St. John. Napoleon had noticed how the relationship
between the Order and Russia had been getting too close.
The Austrian Grand Master Ferdinand von Hompesch had
signed a treaty with Russia in August 1797. Czar Paul
1 had been declared "the Protector of the Order of Malta".
Napoleon was very much aware of the strategic importance
of the Maltese Islands. His plan to capture Malta soon
materialised. But French rule in the island was short
lived. The Maltese rose in rebellion in September 1798.
The French took shelter within the walls of Valletta
where they had to stay for two whole years. The Maltese
asked for help from the king of the Two Sicilies as
well as from the British Admiral Lord Nelson. The Portuguese
fleet in the Mediterranean soon arrived to blockade
the Grand Harbour. The Maltese suffered a lot during
the blockade. There were times when they were starving,
until at last, the French had to leave. Malta became
a British Protectorate and, in 1814, was declared part
ofthe British Empire. |First
British Soldier to be executed
first British soldier to be executed in Malta was Private
James O'Conner. Private O'Conner arrived in Malta on
December 9, 1799, from Messina on board HMS Culloden,
with the 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot. Its
force consisted of 478 officers and men, 20 women, and
landing the following day the Regiment was billeted
first at Birkakara, then was moved to Zejtun to cover
the battery at San Roque with advance posts on the outskirts
was to have been from this area where, just over a year
later, Private O'Conner committed his fatal offence
when he attempted to desert to the French.
of war showed quite clearly that any soldier attempting
to desert was to suffer the extreme penalty, and that
before a general court martial, the first known British
general court martial held in Malta, the verdict was
given and the sentence of death pronounced.
verdict of the court martial was sent by Brigadier General
Thomas Graham for confirmation to General Harry Fox,
the C-in-C of British troops at Minorca, who confirmed
a letter dated June 1, 1800, Brig-General Graham reported
to the C-in-C that the execution of Private O'Conner's
was carried out on May 29, 1800. The location of Private
O'Conners execution is unknown and his grave was never
identified after the capture of Valetta from the French
on September 5, 1800.
- 1801-1802 - One of the rare success stories of the
war against Revolutionary France occurred in Egypt in
1801, when an expeditionary force of 16,000 British
soldiers wrested the country from a French army that
had originally occupied it under Napoleon Bonaparte
three years earlier. Napoleon had abandoned his troops
in 1799 to further his political career in Paris, leaving
them isolated but apparently secure. They posed a threat
to British domination in the eastern Mediterranean and
there was a fear in London that they might be used to
forge a link with pro-French native forces in India.
The decision to mount the British operation was taken
in late 1800, by which time Pitt, rather belatedly,
had agreed to a substantial increase in the size of
the army, providing funds that would boost it to the
unprecedented of 300,00 men (220,000regulars and home-based
'Fencibles'., plus 80,000 militia). It was a sign that
the war, at last, was being taken seriously. But the
shortage of talented generals was still apparent. Despite
his less than glorious record in the Helder campaign.
Abercromby was chosen to command the Egyptian, chiefly
because there was no-one of comparable stature available.
Among his subordinates was Moore, recovered from his
latest wounds, and it was he who led the British spearhead
ashore at Aboukir Bay on March 1801. His brigade, comprising
the 23rd, 28th, 42nd and 58th Foot as well as four companies
of the 40th, landed within range of French guns in Aboukir
Castle but wasted no time it confronting the enemy.
A rapid advance up a steep hill caught defending troops
by surprise, forcing their withdrawal and this enable
the rest of Abercromby's men to land safley. Four days
later, the British began their advance on Alexandria,
12 miles away. They encountered the main enemy force
on 21 March, close to Alexandria. The French commander,
General Menou, opened the battle with feint on his left
and a major attack on Moore's brigade on the right.
The 42nd Highlanders (Black watch) fought exceptionally
well, maintaining coherence even after being attacked
by cavalry, but it was the 28th Foot (1st Battalion,
Gloucestershire Regiment) who achieved lasting fame.
Engaged by infantry to their front, they suddenly came
under pressure from cavalry behind them, upon which
the rear rank turned round and faced the new threat.
Their coolness under fire earned them the right to wear
Regimental badges on both front and back of their headdress,
an honour maintained by the Gloucestershire Regiment
throughout its subsequent history. It was the sort of
incident that helped to build the fighting spirit of
the army. Despite casualties of nearly 1,500 men, the
British secured victory at Alexandria, pushing the French
back into the city, where they were besieged. Abercromby,
wounded in the battle, died a week later with his record
significantly enhanced, but it was Moore who showed
the importance of inspired leadership, for without his
efforts at both Aboukir and Alexandria the French defeat
would have been much difficult to effect. As it was,
Alexandria fell in April, allowing the British to reconquer
the whole of Egypt by September. By then, Pitt had been
replaced as Prime Minister by Henry Addington, who actively
pursued the possibility of peace with France. The result
was the Treaty of Amiens, signed on 27 March 1802. Britain
kept Trinidad (taken from Spain) and Ceylon (taken from
Holland in 1796), but agreed to hand back all other
captured territories, including the French islands in
the West Indies. In a move that was now familiar, Addington
celebrated by ordering a reduction to the size of the
army, taking it down to a strength of only 113,000 men.
It was to be supported at home by 48,000 members of
the militia, but they were a poor substitute for the
laboriously created regular units, many of which faced
disbandment. In the event, war with France was renewed
in May 1803, before the reduction could be fully implemented,
but the speed with which the government had moved to
effect financial savings came perilously close to destroying
all the benefits so painfully accrued since 1793.
of Good Hope - In 1806 the British took over the
Cape Colony to protect their route to India.
held the colony until after the Boer War of 1899 to
1902; and their presence, while frequently helpful in
fighting the tribes, was a constant irritant to the
Dutch. This dissension led, in the 1830s, to a large
movement of Dutch northward across the Vaal River, in
a migration that is called "the Great Trek." The British
also seized this colony in 1877, but after a brief war,
the Dutch regained their control of the area.
War - A conflict between France and Great Britain
on the Iberian Peninsula, growing out of the efforts
of NAPOLEON I to control Spain and Portugal.
a palace revolt in Madrid (Mar. 1808) deposed the pro-French
CHARLES IV, Napoleon invaded Spain and made his brother
Joseph Bonaparte (see BONAPARTE, family) king of Spain
(June). Both Spain and Portugal then revolted, and the
British sent a force, under the future duke of WELLINGTON,
to aid the rebels. Portugal was quickly won, but the
fighting in Spain went on for years. By the time Napoleon
abdicated, however, the British had won all of the peninsula
and had penetrated France as far as Toulouse. - Chronology
of the Peninsular War.
30th (Cambridgeshire) Foot Regiment - Salamanca
- The retreat to Corunna lasted for about 17 days, in
which time the Army covered 250 miles under the most
difficult conditions. During the retreat the 32nd acted
as escort to the stores and ammunition and suffered
great hardships on the way. It was the middle of winter
and the bare and desolate country was either buried
in snow or deluged in heavy rain. There was no fuel
to be had and the food supply was very uncertain. There
was also the continual anxiety and depression that is
felt always during a retreat. Quantities of baggage
and stores had to be destroyed in order to lighten the
loads and to prevent the French from getting possession
of them. The Army reached Corunna, only to find that
the transports had not yet arrived. The French were
on their heels and there was nothing for it but turn
and fight. The battle of Corunna resulted, in which
the French were once more repulsed. This enabled the
British Force to embark in comparative safety, for the
transports had, in the meantime, arrived. The English
leader, Sir John Moore, was killed during the battle.
According to the official dispatch, the 32nd Regiment
fought "with great resolution and, losing 250 of all
ranks, covered themselves with glory." - Report
on the Losses at Corunna
army under Sir Arthur Wellesley, and fought in the campaigns
of 1809-10, including the battles of Talavera and Busaco,
and the defence of Torres Vedras.
- Here Wellington's Army was delayed owing to the strength
of the forts, which surrounded Salamanca. One fort in
particular, San Vincente, held up the whole Division
for ten days. Eventually Ensign Newton of the 32nd led
a storming party on what appeared to be a forlorn hope.
It succeeded. The French surrendered and the English
blew up the forts after securing all the guns and a
considerable supply of clothing. A month later, Wellington's
Army met the French Army under Marshal Marmont, which
had attempted and failed to relieve Salamanca. After
very severe fighting which lasted all day, the French
were eventually driven from their positions in great
disorder and it was, only the darkness which prevented
them from being completely annihilated. Even so, our
cavalry took up the pursuit next day and kept the French
on the run. The 2nd Company of the 30th took part in
the battle, they were in Pringle's Brigad, part of the
5th Division commanded by J. Leith. The casualties were
severe on both sides. There is a book on Salamanca entitled
1812 Wellington Crushes Marmont".
- The storming of Badajoz was an epic action which involved
Wellington’s infantry in some of the most savage hand-to
hand fighting of the whole Peninsular War. At appalling
cost in a nightmare assault during the night of the
6 April 1812, Wellington’s soldiers hacked their way
over the bodies of their dead and wounded and through
the huge medieval walls of the town. These were held
with great tenacity, skill and courage by a resolute
French and German garrison. Having stormed the town
the battle-crazed army went berserk and the horrors
of the sacking which followed, as much as the sublime
courage of the attackers, have passed into legend. There
is a book on the siege entitled " Badajoz
1812 Wellington's Bloodiest
- Despite Wellington's success against Marmont's army
at Salamanca in July, the year of 1812 ended in bitter
disappointment for the British. However, a year later
Wellington's series of brilliant manoeuvres threw the
French onto the defensive on all fronts, culminating
in the final victory at Vittoria, 90,000 men and 90
guns attacking in 4 mutually supporting columns. The
French centre gave way and both flanks were turned,
their army finally breaking in flight towards Pamplona.
Any French hopes of maintaining their position in the
Peninsular were crushed forever. On 7 October the British
set foot on the 'sacred soil' of' Napoleon's France.
There is a book on the victory entitled "Vittoria
1813 Wellington Sweeps the French from Spain".
Sebastian - The Storming party, 750 volunteers,
included 200 men of the Guards, one hundred each from
the First and Coldstream Guards. They moved off at two
in the morning on the 31st August 1813, and occupied
a ruined convent where they remained till half past
nine. Aware of the almost impossible task ahead of them,
and subjected to a violent electric thunderstorm, the
troops waited in a state of savage anticipation. ' Wild
senseless laughter' was said to have preceded the attack
on the breach which could not be entered except in single
file under heavy fire. The troops attacked in succession,
but were struck down by hundreds. General Graham then
ordered the artillery to fire over the heads of the
assailants, clearing the ramparts. A shell ignited a
quantity of powder, and under cover of the explosions,
the storming party forced its way into the town. San
Sebastian was savagely sacked and burned, and the good
name of Wellington's Army suffered as it had done at
Badajoz. The civilians were raped, robbed and murdered
in revenge for the heavy losses suffered by the troops.
The Franco-Spanish governor retired the citadel (San
Marcial) and on the 9th September, after a gallant resistance
of over a week, surrendered the charge he had so faithfully
defended. The casualties among the officers of the first
Guards were one Officer, Ensign Burrard, First battalion
(a son of Sir Henry Burrard who was responsible for
the disastrous Treaty of Cintra) severely wounded, since
dead, and one Officer, Ensign Orlando Bridgeman, wounded.
In the Coldstream Guards, one officer ensign Thomas
Chaplin, According to Lord Saltoun there were in round
numbers, 150 casualties amongst 200 Guardsman. Total
losses of volunteers from all Regiments were 1500 men.
Killed 18th June 1815
Captain Thomas Walker CHAMBERS - Killed
Captain Alexander M'NABB - Killed
Lieutenant Henry BEERE - Killed
Lieutenant Edmund PRENDERGAST - Killed
Ensign John JAMES - Killed
Ensign James BULLEN - Killed
St George, Madras -
Cemetery Index for St Mary's Fort St George, Madras, India
St George, Madras, India -
Cemetery Index for St Mary's Fort St George, Madras, India
St George, Madras, India - A
Cemetery Index for St Mary's Fort St George, Madras, India
Thomas' Mount, India
a single battalion corps, the 30th served in the Mediterranean,
1834 to 1845.
Foot Officer's shoulder belt plate worn by an Officer
of the 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot circa
1840-1855. Burnished gilt rectangular plate mounted
with a cut silver star, mounted on the star a gilt laurel
wreath surmounted by the Victorian Crown. Within the
wreath are four scrolls bearing the battle honours of
"Salamanca" Peninsular" "Badajos" and "Waterloo", within
the scrolls a garter strap inscribed "Spectamur Agendo"
encircling "XXX" on a raised silver ball, to the base
of the star a Sphinx resting on a tablet inscribed "Egypt".
who died during the Crimean War - Captain A. Connolly
- killed at Inkermann - 5th November 1854 - Ensign Richard
Grenville Deane - killed in the attack on the Redan
- 8th September 1855. Buried on Cathcart's Hill - "Richd
Grenville Deane Ensign 30th Regt fell Septr 8 1855 Aged
18 years."Lieutenant A. Gibson - killed at Inkermann
- 5th November 1854 - Lieutenant William Kerr - died
of wounds - 23rd September 1855 - Lieutenant F. Luxmore
- killed in action - battle of Alma - 20th September
1854 - Lieutenant-Colonel James Brodie Patullo, CB -
killed in the attack on the Redan - 8th September 1855.
Buried on Cathcart's Hill - "Sacred to the memory
of Lieutenant Colonel James Brodie Patullo, CB 30th
Regiment. Who died of wounds received on the 8th September
1855 at the assault on the Great Redan."Lieutenant
J. Ross-Lewin - died of wounds - 7th November 1854 -
Captain J. C. N. Stevenson - killed in the attack on
the Redan - 8th September 1855 - Ensign J. Thompson
- died of wounds - 10th November 1855 - Ensign T. Fitzpatrick
- 30th Foot - died of disease - 26 June 1855. Ensign
W.Y. Johnston - 30th Foot - died of disease - 25 Sept.
1854 "Ensn W.Y. Johnston Died of cholera at the
Belbec on the 25th Sept."
recorded by Captain John Colborne (60th Rifles) and
Captain Frederic Brine (Royal Engineers) in 1858 noted
for the Crimea
to the memory of Corpl. JAMES BRADY XXX Regt Aged 29
to the memory of Prvt THOS. EAGAN XXXth Regt. Departed
this life February 17th 1856 Aged 27 years Deeply lamented
by his comrades."
to the memory of Pt. W. GRIFFITHS XXX Regt Age 30 years.
Died May 1855." "Sacred to the memory of Pte.
MK. JOHNSON of H.M. 30th Regt. who departed this life
on the 26th Feby. in the year of Our Lord 1855 Aged
to the memory of Sergt. Major JOHN McCLELLAN the Non
Commissioned Officers and Men of the XXX Regt. who fell
in action or died of wounds and disease in the Crimea
from Septr 14th 1854 to Feby 29th 1856."
to the memory of F.J. STANLEY, late, Hospital Sergt.
30th Regt who departed this life April 22nd 1855, Aged
to the memory of Pte. ALEX STILL H.M. XXX Regt. who
departed this life August 10th 1855 Occasioned by a
wound received in the Trenches aged 30 years. This memorial
was erected by his loving brother."
addition there is a Roll
of Honour to the men who died.
order of battle at Alma and the general order of battle
during the Crimean War are listed
Gazette 2 June 1858 - Lieutenant
Mark Walker, 30th Regiment, an Irishman, aged 26,
5 November 1854 at Inkerman, Crimea, jumped over a wall
in the face of two battalions of Russian Infantry which
were marching towards it. This act was to encourage
the men, by example, to advance against such odds -
which they did and succeeded in driving back both battalions.
Awarded the Victoria Cross. Later Sir Mark and achieved
rank of General. Born Finca, Co Westmeath, Ireland,
24 November 1827. Died 18 July 1902, Arlington, Devon.
VC displayed in The Buffs Museum, Canterbury.
operations continued to be restricted to trench warfare
until 7th June 1855 when the outer defences of Sebastopol
were assaulted, with the British capturing the Quarries
and the French the Mamelon. A coup de grace was planned
for the anniversary of the battle of Waterloo, 18th
June, as a way of cementing the new friendship between
the British and their French allies. The assaults on
the Malakoff and the Redan failed, partly due to incompetence
on the part of the general officers commanding, and
Lord Raglan sank into a decline, dying on the 28th June
1855. On the 16th August 1855, the Russian army under
Prince Gortchakoff attempted to break through the Allied
lines at the Traktir Bridge over the River Tchernaya,
but was driven off by a combined French/Sardinian force
a third its size. The Sardinians had joined the Allies
in January 1855. Medals bearing the unofficial clasp
"Traktir" or "Tchernaia" are occasionally found; these
clasps are believed to have been added to their medals
by those French military and naval personnel who were
awarded the British medal. On the 8th September 1855
the Allies again stormed Sebastopol, with the French
successful this time at the Malakoff. The British attack
on the Redan failed once more. The Malakoff, however,
was the key to the town's defences, and at its loss
the Russians evacuated Sebastopol, having made a spirited
defence which had kept the best troops in the world
at bay for over eleven months. Originally it was intended
that the Sebastopol clasp should be awarded to those
on active duty on the 8th/9th September, but reason
prevailed, and it was awarded to all those who had been
present before the town at any point prior to its fall.
It naturally follows that a medal bearing a Balaklava
or an Inkermann clasp will also bear that for Sebastopol.
of Sebastopol in Russia, October 9, 1854 to September
18,1855. "Sebastopol" was named because of the blasting
in the rock at the Frenchmans Lead, it went under the
May 1855 the London Illustrated News reported the presentation
of the Crimean Medal. Those from the 30th
Foot are listed here.
and Nova Scotia - From 1860 to 1870 the battalion
served in Canada and Nova Scotia.
- In New York city in 1859 The Fenian Brotherhood decided
to further the Irish cause for independence. In 1865
a plan was made for the Fenians to invade Canada. The
planned date was 17th March 1866 (St Patrick's Day).
As events haveit this was not the actual day for the
invasion as they were not ready. The planned elaborate
attacks were not the same when put into effect due to
the lack of Fenian support. The initial Fenian raid
took place on the night of May 31st 1866 and the final
engagement was 22nd June 1866. In 1870 the fenians tried
again with two further raids, the first on 25th May
and the second 27th May. The 30thFoot were involved
in the Fenian raids of 1866. A list of officers and
men from the 30th
Foot who were awarded the Canadian General Service
Medal is available.
Cardwell's reforms united with 59th (2nd Nottinghamshire)
Regiment of Foot, to become 1st
Battalion, The East Lancashire Regiment
Infantry Museum combines under one roof the
mementos and memories of many of Lancashire's
historic Regiments. Displays in the Queen's Lancashire
Regiment gallery tells the story of this infantry
Regiment and its famous forerunners: the East,
South and Loyal North Lancashire Regiments, 30th,
40th, 47th, 59th, 81st and 82nd Regiments of Foot.
The Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry have a gallery
which relates the interesting history of a volunteer
unit from the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars,
when troops of volunteer cavalry were raised throughout
Lancashire as invasion threatened. Finally, opened
in May 1988, the gallery of the 14th/20th King's
Hussars, one of Britain's regular cavalry Regiments
with a colourful past, who rode not only horses
but Challenger Main Battle Tanks. The story of
Lancashire's soldiers during war and peace over
three centuries is told with the aid of uniforms,
weapons, photographs, medals and historic items.
Recreated scenes include a First World War trench,
with sound and smell effects. The medal balconies
display gallantry awards including three Victoria
Crosses. The Regimental stories in this museum
are presented in displays to interest everyone,
young and old. Schools are particularly welcome
and will find much material on which to base project
members of the 30th Foot retired and were pensioned
abroad and a list of these men
who were pensioned is available.
20 January, 2014