War One was in many ways the first modern ‘total ‘
war, and it had far reaching implications for the army and civilians
alike. It called upon women both to maintain their domestic
and familial roles and to take on a variety of new roles in
the workplace, meaning many played a fundamental part in the
war effort. The war also uprooted millions of European civilians,
most of whom were innocent bystanders.
War Two saw many changes, the roles of men within industry were
filled by women, rationing was introduced, bombing of civilian
population became a norm.